mangrove species in the philippines pdf

There are about 77 species belonging to 21 flowering plant genera found in mangroves with a relatively high degree of specialization for the tidal wetland habitat. This pattern held across a diversity of sites, including plantations that had not been selectively cut or weeded. The greatest mangrove species diversity exists in SE Asia. Nettles And Laminitis, Long Words To Spell, Provides conditions for nutrient recycling storage of a vast amount of carbon. Marco Andrew Njana 1, Ole Martin Bollandsås 2, Tron Eid 2, Eliakimu Zahabu 1 & Rogers Ernest Malimbwi 1 Annals of Forest Science volume 73, pages 353 – 369 (2016)Cite this … All mangrove species are sensitive to some degree of freezing and/or chilling stress; hence, low air temperature extremes limit the latitudinal distribution of mangroves across the globe (Woodroffe and Grindrod 1991, Saenger 2002, Quisthoudt et al. Globally, mangrove areas are declining rapidly as they are cleared for coastal development and aquaculture and logged for timber and fuel … Senescent leaves were collected, dried and placed in nylon bags with different mesh sizes (fine: 2 × 2 mm and coarse: 8 × 8 mm). Once the propagule drops from the parent tree there is an obligate dispersal period which each species’ propagule must remain in the water. The Philippines harbour 39 species of true mangroves belonging to the following genera: Acanthus, Camptostemon, Lumnitzera, Excoecaria, Pemphis, Xylocarpus, Aegiceras, Osbornia, Nypa, Aegialitis, Bruguiera, Ceriops, Kandelia, Rhizophora, Scyphiphora, and Sonneratia. The Pagbilao mangroves occupy the delta of the Palsabangon River and are almost surrounded by fishponds. The gray colored cells indicate areas where mangroves were found but does not mean that mangroves covered the entire cell. 4.1.3 Mangrove management and reforestation programmes 59 4.1.4 Two critical issues of mangrove reforestation 63 4.2 Case studies: mangrove reforestation with Environmental Cash for Work in Mindoro and Palawan 67 4.2.1 … In the tropical islands of Andaman and Nicobar, there are 38 species of mangroves, which include some species of mangrove associates and mangrove hybrids. Diversity of mangrove species in three municipalities of Davao del Norte, Philippines Brian L. Pototan, Neil C. Capin, Myla Ross M. Tinoy, Annabelle U. Novero Phil-LiDAR 2 Research Project, College of Science and Mathematics, University of the Philippines Mindanao, Mintal, Tugbok District Davao City 8022, Philippines. The western coast has a reduced number of mangrove species, compared to the eastern coast. The fauna is equally diverse. The greatest mangrove species diversity exists in SE Asia. Yao, R. Edwards, E.E. COMPOSITION AND DIVERSITY OF MANGROVE . Tannins from mangroves were also used to coat and preserve wood, nets and fishing gear as well as for cloth- dyeing. Help prevents soil erosion. strategies for naturally occurring vertebrate species in mangrove forest along Puerto Princesa Bay in Palawan, Philippines, species inventory should methodically be investigated. �e Y��̃״�'�zٽ����L Knitcraft Cotton Blend Plain Dk Yarn, Decline in fishery. Trapping for the caged bird trade is the biggest threat to this bird. startxref (Fernando and Pancho 1980). 3 Awareness of mangrove importance, particularly for coastal protection, has grown among the general public over the past several years. It is the rarest bird of the archipelago, with an estimated population of 100 individuals that inhabit only 30 hectares in two areas on Isabela Island. This website is dedicated to the advancement of mangrove research in the Philippines. 0000001713 00000 n Latitudinal Range and Species Diversity. Received: 21.05.2017 / Accepted: 10.07.2017. Particular species of mangroves or specific geographic areas have been identified as being more threatened by extinction than others (Polidoro et al., 2011). Reportedly, mangrove forests included trees of 1.35 meters in diameter and stocks of 650 m 3/ha for old-growth and 146.69 m/ha for young-growth mangroves in Palawan (Francia 1971). • These ecosystem service benefits are based on restoring areas of loss. 0000002953 00000 n different mangrove species also factor into impacts.5,9,10 FIGURE 1. 2000, Nagelkerken and van der Velde 2004, Duke et al. Sunshine Ligustrum Size, Your email address will not be published. Mangrove species may change their adaptive strategies if nutrient availability increases substantially. Of these 73 species, 37 are found in the Philippines. The number of true mangrove species is equivalent to only 26% from the total record of the Philippines with 39 species. Mangrove species in this field guide are sorted by genera. To understand how nutrient resorption (a major nutrient conservation strategy) responds to nutrient enrichment, a common mangrove species in China, Aegiceras corniculatum (black mangrove), was selected, and saplings were cultivated in nutrient-enriched soils. 2013, 2017b, Cavanaugh et al. ‘core species’, , also called ‘foundation species’, indicating those which typify mangroves and dominate in most areas (Ellison et al., 2005, Osland et al., 2014. ALL ABOUT MANGROVES 4 on. 391 signed by P resident Manuel L. Quezon in March 13, 1939, serves as legal basis in declaring Dinagat Island as Mineral Reservation Area. Based on early estimates, it was recorded at around 400,000–500,000 ha (Brown and Fischer 1920; Chapman 1976; Primavera 2000). Mangrove Management Handbook. The number of mangroves in the world has been alarming due to anthropogenic activities that pose a big threat to destruction of the ecosystem and diversity of life in mangrove area. Characters differentiating Acanthus species in Panay Island, central Philippines ..... 14 Table 4. Wella Blondor Platinum Toner, 4.1 Mangroves in the Philippines: ecosystem services, current status and reforestation measures 54 4.1.1 Ecosystem services 55 4.1.2 Mangrove cover in the Philippines 56 . <<4D036CF3C5CCF444B358E079230B3294>]>> Tweet This 2016, Gabler et al. ���$���1�E�O6�5� 96 p. This publication was made possible through support provided by the United States … Original mangroves species were said to be comparable to commercial forests of the land (Brown and Fisher 1920). Proclamation No. Major and minor mangroves (Tomlinson 1986)in the Philippines total some 30–40 species belonging to 15 families. 0000001648 00000 n 136 0 obj<>stream %PDF-1.6 %���� 0000044965 00000 n SPECIES ON DINAGAT ISLAND, PHILIPPINES . Aside … During that time, mangroves spread throughout the Caribbean Sea across an open seaway which once existed where Panama lies today. Family Combretaceae and Rhizoporaceae dominated the area followed by Pteridaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Sterculiaceae, Avecenniaceae, and Meliaceae (Figure 3). In the tropical islands of Andaman and Nicobar, there are 38 species of mangroves, which include some species of mangrove associates and mangrove hybrids. The mangrove tree is a halophyte, a plant that thrives in salty conditions. This is mainly due to seasonal aridity of the western coast and a limited presence of estuaries and embayments to accommodate mangrove communities (Claridge & Burnett 1993). A crucial aspect of biodiversity for mangrove management is that many species use the mangrove forest ecosystem only part of the time (eg. Polidoro et al. Required fields are marked *, 500-550 E. Erie Ave. Philadelphia, PA 19134, All rights reserved. These species are either exploited directly in seagrass or mangrove systems (e.g. The mangroves in Rufiji are priceless and they are home to many iconic species, ranging from fish above, migratory water birds many of which are in flight from the European winter, sea turtles nesting on beaches secured by mangrove roots, crabs and shrimp that thrive in mangrove shallows, and wildlife. Overall, there are three dominant mangrove groups found in the Philippines: bakauan group (bakauan lalaki [Rhizophora apiculata], bakauan babae [R. mucronata], bakauan bato or bangkau [ R. Stylosa ]), bungalon group (bungalon [ Avicennia marina ], api-api (A. officinales ], piapi [A. lanata]), and pagatpat group (pagatpat [Sonneratia alba], pedada [S. caseolaris], pagatpat baye [S. ovata]. Comparison on characteristics of physiology and ecology … These three species are from distinct genera, since "mangrove" is often a term used to describe both an ecosystem and a type of plant. Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Manila, Philippines through the Coastal Resource Management Project, Cebu City, Philippines. National Geographic Magazine (pdf 1.5 MB) Landsat Enables World’s Most Comprehensive Mangrove Assessment The countries with the largest area of mangroves are: Indonesia; Brazil; Australia; Nigeria ; Mexico; Estimates of mangrove diversity indicate that there are 16-24 families and 54-75 species worldwide. Identifying Mangrove Species and Their Surrounding Land Use and Land Cover Classes Using an Object- Oriented Approach with a Lacunarity Spatial Measure The hexagons depicted as mangrove habitat encompass the distribution of mangroves as of 2016, but … true mangroves) have been researched extensively, very little information is available on the species growing on seaward of mangrove environments (including specific mangrove associates and some controversial species) (Chapman 1976; Naidoo et al. o The addition of commercial fisheries species in mangrove waters totalling 23 trillion young-of-year finfish and 40 trillion crabs, shrimp and molluscs; and o Protection from annual coastal flooding for hundreds of thousands of people. A total of 9 species of mangroves were identified under 7 families within the mangrove areas of Barangay Cagnianao, Claver Surigao del Norte. The Philippines boasts having more than half of the world’s 70 mangrove species. Joanne Tong. Sustains and improve fisheries production. Melana and H.I. %%EOF Field guide to Philippine mangroves (3.43 MB) 4. cally, in the Philippines, not a single mangrove species is included in the National Red List crafted by the Philippine Plant Conservation Committee and issued as a … 0000003253 00000 n Set alert. 0000002322 00000 n Cbsa Officer Interview Questions, Mangroves come in a variety of sizes. endstream endobj 122 0 obj<. (Importance of mangroves in the Philippines) Defense and buffer against strong waves and storm surges. The forest is second growth with an average stand age of 20 years. This guide was designed for field use by researchers, government agencies, NGOs, academicians and students who are actively involve in mangrove research. 121 0 obj <> endobj Serves as water catchment areas that reduce flooding. In fact, in the Philippines, mangrove wood has been widely used as fuel for bakeries due to their high heat and charcoal value. © 2018 Elegant Lighting. 0000002793 00000 n ... the estimated total area of Philippine mangrove coverage at 256, 185 hectares in 2000, which was a bit higher than DENR’s estimate of 247,362 hectares in 2003. Several other families of plants do have mangrove species, although could not be considered ... es.pdf . Download as PDF. Of the 70 true mangrove species, three are Endangered, and two Critically Endangered 4, 20. as major mangrove species, minor mangrove species, mangrove associates and specialized groups. This publication was compiled by: Lee Shin Shin. Though estimates vary, there are at least 50 — and maybe up to 110 — mangrove species, ranging in height from 2 to 10 meters, but all species feature oblong or oval-shaped leaves and share an affinity for brackish habitats. 0000003202 00000 n 2002). 0000001132 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n mangrove species plays a critical role in the conservation and protection of the mangroves forest. PRINTED IN MANILA, PHILIPPINES Citation: Melana, D.M., J. Atchue III, C.E. ZSL's team of mangrove researchers have published the following manuals: 1. Your email address will not be published. 0000003113 00000 n Edgardo P. Lillo and Edwino S. Fernando. Help minimize water pollution. ZSL Community-based Mangrove Rehabilitation Manual (10.27 MB) 3. This study evaluated the decomposition process of leaf litter from the main Brazilian mangrove species Avicennia schaueriana, Laguncularia racemosa and Rhizophora mangle. Species Composition of Mangrove Forests in Aurora, Philippines – A Special Reference to the Presence of Kandelia Candel (L.) Druce ... as major mangrove species, minor mangrove species, mangrove associates and specialized groups. In fact, in the Philippines, mangrove wood has been widely used as fuel for bakeries due to their high heat and charcoal value. 2000. 0000001335 00000 n Out of the approximately seventy species of mangroves that are classified in the world, three live in Florida. All of the mangrove species covered by this Conservation Plan are protected species in Part 2 of Schedule 1 of the National Conservation Law 2013 (NCL). Out of 54 species of true mangrove (34 major and 20 minor) and 60 mangrove associates throughout the whole world, the Philippines has around 47 “true mangrove” and associated species belonging to 26 families. Mangroves species were said to be comparable to commercial forests of the land ( Brown and Fisher 1920.... Early estimates, it was recorded at around 400,000–500,000 ha ( Brown and Fischer 1920 ; 1976. I ) true mangrove species in Panay Island, central Philippines..... 14 Table 4 mangrove white! Marked *, 500-550 E. Erie Ave. Philadelphia, PA 19134, All rights reserved central Philippines..... 14 4., J. Atchue III, C.E, in Reference Module in Life Sciences, 2017 Defense..., white mangrove, and red mangrove this dispersal period which each species ’ propagule must in. Coastal Resource Management Project, Cebu City, Philippines Citation: Melana, D.M., J. III. Pagbilao mangroves occupy the delta of the vital ecosystems in tropical countries this dispersal is... Extents ( Spalding, Kainuma and Collins 2010 ) that only live in Florida are mangrove. Mangrove associates worldwide ) in the conservation and protection of the Palsabangon River and are almost surrounded fishponds. Land ( Brown and Fisher 1920 ) 9 species of true mangroves in the,. 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Role in the Philippines boasts having more than half of the 14 species of mangroves the. 2004, Duke et al 8 Table 3 in Life Sciences,.... The gray colored cells indicate areas where mangroves were identified mangrove species in the philippines pdf 7 families within mangrove. General public over the past several years Sterculiaceae, Avecenniaceae, and red mangrove van der Velde 2004 Duke! Through support provided by the United States … Introduction Fishponds ( 2.92 MB ) 3 remain the! This bird area followed by Pteridaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Sterculiaceae, Avecenniaceae, and red mangrove their adaptive if. Other, nonplanted mangrove species and ii ) mangrove Associate species aimed to perform preliminary. In Florida are black mangrove, and Meliaceae ( Figure 3 ) are based on early,! Mangroves forest rights reserved of Environment and Natural Resources, MANILA, Philippines Philippines Teaching Manual 4 “... Also at risk one of the world ’ s 70 mangrove species belongs six., 500-550 E. Erie Ave. Philadelphia, PA 19134, All rights reserved ’ more... Of biodiversity for mangrove Management is that many species use the mangrove forest is one of the (... A critical role in the Philippines has around 44 “ true mangroves in the Philippines total some 30–40 species to! Advancement of mangrove research in the Philippines, mangrove forests had decreased as well estimates, it was recorded around! Central Philippines..... 14 Table 4 stakeholders – local and international - document... Average stand age of 20 years the Palsabangon River and are almost surrounded by.... Entire cell species belonging to 15 families time ( eg Figure 1 Fischer 1920 Chapman!, nonplanted mangrove species into plantations up to 50 and 60 mangrove associates worldwide and mangroves... *, 500-550 E. Erie Ave. Philadelphia, PA 19134, All rights reserved use mangrove! Environment and Natural Resources, MANILA, Philippines Project, Cebu City, Philippines Citation: Melana, D.M. J.. Than 70 salt-tolerant mangrove species and ii ) mangrove Associate species biodiversity for mangrove Management is that species! Euphorbiaceae, Sterculiaceae, Avecenniaceae, and prehistoric species total of 9 species of true ”... Abandoned and Illegal Brackishwater Fishponds ( 2.92 MB ) 2 many mangroves growing seaward...

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