Year old fish range in size from 0.5 inch to 3 inches. Non Indigenous Aquatic Species Database. Nevertheless, it is likely that this minnow was introduced to sites within parts of one or more sites in these state where it was previously absent. The fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) is a species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the genus Pimephales of the cyprinid family. Ross ST, 2001. Fathead minnows are sold by the pound. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data. Population size decreases as a result of the effects of oestrogen on reproductive health (Kidd et al., 2007). Two evolutionarily closely related species to the P. promelas are the bluntnose minnow (Pimephales notatus) and the slim minnow (Pimephales tenellus) (Ross et al., 2001). Wallingford, UK: CABI, Danylchuk Tonn WM, Paszkowski CA, 2012. High diet overlap between native small-bodied fishes and nonnative Fathead Minnow in the Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona. In Europe, its introduction has resulted in the spread of enteric redmouth disease through the introduction of a bacterial pathogen (Yersinia ruckeri) (Anseeuw et al., 2012). Native and alien fishes in a California estuarine marsh: twenty-one years of changing assemblages. The genetics of the species have also been well studied by April et al. This colour fish is frequently used in the aquarium trade. The fishes of Ohio. Influences of Fathead Minnows on Nutrient Partitioning and Ecosystem Structure in a Prairie Wetland., USA: USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (online). Zahn Seegert, S.E., E.J. (1980) indicated that the species was native to eastern Montana and introduced to many sites in the central part of the state; however, Holton (1990) listed it as native to Montana and did not discuss the possibility of introduction. Blunt snout. (2001), Present in all three major drainage basins – Mississippi River, Lake Superior and Lake Michigan), Initially introduced as bait but then stocked by the Department of Fish and Game, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. In the wild, the Fathead Minnow is a dull olive-grey with a stripe along its back and side. In some areas it is unclear as to whether native populations have dispersed or if new populations have been established due to bait or aquarium release. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC. Robison HW; Buchanan TM, 1984. It has also been introduced intentionally into Iran and Europe, where wild populations have become established in the UK, Belgium and France. University of Arizona Press. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University New Mexico Press, 393 pp. This species is considered a pest in much of its introduced and native range. http://www.fow-ebook.us, Froese R, Pauly D, 2004. crappie minnow, rosy-red minnow (red color morph variant) Identification Key The fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, first described in 1820 by Rafinesque is a short and stout member of minnow family cyprinidae (Vandermeer 1966). Holm, and C.H. Fort Collins, CO. Starnes, W.C., J. Odenkirk, and M.J. Ashton. They have a short life span of 2-3 years and reproduce frequently after water temperatures reach approximately 60 degrees. University of Michigan, Michigan, USA: Animal Diversity Web. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. pH levels below 5 can harm ï¬ sh. Fishes of Arizona, p 133-151, In: C.H. Three subspecies of Pimephales promelas were recognized up until the 1960s: P. promelas subsp. P. promelas is similar to other minnows but can generally be differentiated by the high number of small pre-dorsal scales, which are noticeably smaller than those scales on the sides. state centroids or Canadian provinces). Trautman MB, 1981. 1990. Gainesville, Florida. Iâve used bread, crackers and chip crumbs to effectively lure minnows into the range of my cast net. Zimmer KD; Hanson MA; Butler MG, 2001. Fathead minnows may be introduced into a pond or lake in any season. P. promelas can spawn anytime between May and September. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. http://ias.biodiversity.be/, CABI, Undated. Furthermore, improving the labelling and identification of fish species in stores and facilitating correct disposal of unwanted fish could help minimize new introductions (Chang et al., 2009). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008. Table 1. Among other introduced fish, it is thought to predate on young suckers, including the Lost River sucker (Deltistes luxatus) and shortnose sucker (Chasmistes brevirostris) in Oregon and northern California. confertus and P. promelas subsp. Nelson JS; Paetz MJ, 1992. Policies to prevent stocking of fish in certain vulnerable habitats could reduce the further spread of this species (Butler and Hanson, 1996). 2011. Texas, USA: Texas State University (San Marcos Biology Department). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143(4):1072-1083. In the Twin Cities area of Minnesota, P. promelas was introduced to control mosquitoes (USGS, 2012). P. promelas, commonly known as the fathead minnow, is a small-bodied, short-lived, nest guarding cyprinid fish. Leo Nico, Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2020, Middle Chattahoochee-Walter F George Reservoir. Miller, R.R. Tucson. Karp, C.A. The maximum age that has been recorded is 5 years (Froese and Pauly, 2012; Hassan-Williams and Bonner, 2012). Similar to bluntnose minnow. Butler MG; Hanson MA, 1996. Hunting, angling, sport or racing (pathway cause), US Fish and Wildlife Service, The adult fathead minnow will range from 2 1/2" to 3" in length. They can also be used to make biomass from nutrient and plant material in sewage treatment ponds (Becker, 1983). Effects of fathead minnow colonization and removal on a prairie wetland ecosystem:346-357. Zimmer KD; Hanson MA; Butler MG; Duffy WG, 2006. Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae Etymology: Pimephales: Greek, pimeles, -es = fat + Greek, phales = whale; if the root is Greek, phales, -etos = penis (Ref. This minnow has also been introduced to many other areas via bait â¦ Size demography of individuals within a population may be affected by environmental variables, such as low oxygen levels. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life., Arlington, Virginia, USA: NatureServe. P. promelas, commonly known as the fathead minnow, is a small-bodied, short-lived, nest guarding cyprinid fish. However, the effects of this on the rest of the ecosystem could be more harmful than the high abundance of P. promelas. Description. In: Fathead minnows in Europe, UK: Cefas-Lowestoft and Bournemouth University. 1999. The origin of many introduced populations of P. promelas has been attributed to their use as bait by anglers. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Therefore, educating both retailers and customers about the risks posed by both pet and bait bucket releases could reduce the further introduction of this species, as well as other aquatic species. 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