population of pakistan

Karachi is the largest and most populous metropolitan city in Pakistan and the capital of Sindh province. The UN Security Council resolutions of August 13, 1948 and January 5, 1949, proposed the plebiscite option for resolving the Kashmir Dispute. The absence of any Avestan, an older Iranian language, loanwords in Brahui supports this hypothesis. Pakistan - Pakistan - People: The area currently occupied by Pakistan has long been a route of military conquest and an entrepôt for peoples and cultures. [35], After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, many Muslims from India migrated to Pakistan and they are the largest group of foreign-born residents. The largest ethnic group is the Punjabi, with 45 percent of the total population. Brahui may or may not be a language isolate and many origins have been hypothesized for it including Iranian and Dravidian. Punjabi does not have any official status in Pakistan. Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. Pakistan: Total population from 2014 to 2024 (in million inhabitants) The Goan Catholics constitute the majority of the Christians in the city.[29]. In colonial times, many British linguists tried to make the claim of a possible Dravidian language origin but this has not been conclusively proven despite ongoing research in the language for a century now. [7] Furthermore, 50% of Pakistanis now reside in towns of 5,000 people or more.[8]. In the past, the country's population had a relatively high growth rate that has been changed by moderate birth rates. Regulatory inefficiencies, complex labor laws, and an unreliable security situation continue to burden the business environment. It is spoken by almost 92% of the population, making Pakistan a unique country in its choice of a national language. See more from the 2020 Index. The second-largest group of foreign-born residents consists of refugees from Afghanistan who are expected to leave Pakistan by the end of 2018. [48] spoken in southern Pakistan, may have evolved from the original languages of Indus valley civilizations at Mehrgarh. Sindhi literature is also spiritual in nature. Home | Country Rankings | Graph The Data | Heat MapExplore the Data | Downloads | FAQs| About The Index. 1998, 2017 census The Dardic languages of Gilgit–Baltistan, Azad Kashmir and the northwestern mountains are sometimes classified by many linguists as belonging to the Indo-Aryan family. The majority of southern Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River. [39] Among countries that use English as an official language, Pakistan is third-most populous in the world. From 1990 to 2018, Pakistan's HDI increased 38.6% from 0.404 to 0.560. Brahui (Urdu: براہوی '‎) is a regional language of uncertain origin despite the fact that the bulk of the language shares lexical similarities to Balochi as well as Sindhi. For a general overview of the citizens of Pakistan, see, Fertility rate (The Demographic Health Survey), Fertility (wanted fertility) by region 2017–18, Life expectancy in Pakistan by administrative unit, Khalid, Kanwal. During 1950–2012, Pakistan's urban population expanded over sevenfold, while the total population increased by over fourfold. [27]< Saraikis (a transitional group between Punjabis and Sindhis) speaking people make up 10.53% of the total population. [49] However it has now been demonstrated that the Brahui could only have migrated to Balochistan from central India after 1000 CE. Pakistan's rough estimates vary, but the consensus is that the Punjabis are the largest ethnic group. The 2016 population for the city is estimated to be 16.62 million. Between 1998–2017, the average population growth rate stood at 2.40%. Former cricket star Imran Khan became prime minister after his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party won a plurality in the July 2018 election on promises of job creation, new housing, and economic reforms. Burushaski is a language isolate, spoken by Burusho people in Hunza, Nagar, Yasin, and parts of the Gilgit valleys in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. [32][33] Many of them were born and raised in Pakistan in the last 30 years. These are also, to a lesser extent, mutually intelligible with Urdu. Read more about Pakistan Economy. The current population of Pakistan is 222,499,076, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. Around 80% of Pakistan's population speak one or more of the various Indo-Aryan languages. Saraiki, sometimes spelled Seraiki and Siraiki, is spoken as a first language by about 20 million people, mostly in the southern districts of Punjab: Multan, Lodhran, Bahawalpur, Layyah, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh and Rahim Yar Khan. Other sub – dialects are Qalati, Chagai Kharani, and Makrani. note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000 Age structure 0-14 years: 26.31% (male 185,017,089/female 163,844,572) Population is growing day by day hence increasing the more need of food, clothes and sheltering. Compiled by Ayesha Younas A Project of CSS Writing Club Pakistan’s Stance: Revolt is from Indigenous Population. Public debt is equivalent to 72.1 percent of GDP. note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000 Age structure 0-14 years: 36.01% (male 42,923,925/female 41,149,694) According to OECD/World Bank, the population in Pakistan increased by 23 million from 1990 to 2008, with a 54% growth in population. The Arabs ruled Sindh for more than 150 years after Muhammad bin Qasim conquered it in 712  AD, remaining there for three years to set up Arab rule. Starting from 1960 total fertility rate in Pakistan fell by one half from 6.6 to 3.3, which means that today, on average, every woman gives birth to 3 children while half a century ago this figure was twice as large. Added together, speakers of these mutually-intelligible languages make up nearly two-thirds of Pakistan's population. [28], In 1850, the British started developing Karachi as a major port for trade and commerce, resulting in the arrival of a large number immigrants from Rajasthan, Gujarat and Goa. The exact number of Punjabi speakers in Pakistan is hard to determine since the boundaries with the closely related Hindko and Saraiki are not always clear-cut. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Kashmiri (کشمیری) is a Dardic language spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. Numerous other languages are spoken by relatively small numbers of people, especially in some of the more remote and isolated places in, for example, the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Administrative Subdivision. This language change was designed to institute a universal language throughout the then British Raj in South Asia as well as minimize the influence that Persia, the Ottoman Empire and Afghanistan had on this transitional region. [49] However it has now been demonstrated that the Brahui could only have migrated to Balochistan from central India after 1000 CE. Pakistan population is … The overall tax burden equals 12.5 percent of total domestic income. It is a standardized register of Hindustani and in its spoken form. The demographic history of Pakistan from the ancient Indus Valley Civilization to modern era includes the arrival and settlement of many cultures and ethnic groups in the modern region of Pakistan from Central Asia, Europe and the nearby Middle East. [citation needed]. The top personal income and corporate tax rates are 30 percent. Pakistan had an estimated population of 169,300,000 as of July 2007,. It is a modern language which is constantly evolving from its original form. However, due to rapid urbanization and modernization, the use of Urdu as a primary language is increasing, especially amongst the growing urbanized middle class of Pakistan. Sindhi is the common language of the people of Sindh in southern Pakistan and has a rich literary history of its own, traced back to the era of the early Arab arrivals. [1], Dramatic social changes have led to rapid urbanisation and the emergence of megacities. Punjabi, Hindko and Seraiki, all mutually intelligible, are classified by linguists as dialects of an Indo-Aryan speech called Lahnda,[55] also spelled as Lehnda. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on All-populations.com. Pakistan, populous and multiethnic country of South Asia. Consequently, the social fabric of Sindh contains elements of Arabic society. Pashto is a provincial language spoken as a first language by about 15% of Pakistanis, mostly in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and in Balochistan as well as by immigrants to the eastern provinces. Nearly all Pakistani Sunni Muslims belong to the Hanafi school, although there are some Hanbalis and Ahlul Hadeeth. The name Balochi or Baluchi is not found before the 10th century. © 2020 by The Heritage Foundation. The current population of Afghanistan is 39,299,994 as of Sunday, December 6, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. During 1990–2003, Pakistan sustained its historical lead as the second-most urbanized nation in South Asia with city dwellers making up 36% of its population. Punjabi is a provincial language spoken mostly in Punjab, as well as by a large number of people in Karachi. Political and social instability continue to hinder economic development in Pakistan. The average applied tariff rate is 10.1 percent, and 79 nontariff measures are in force. In reality Shia are between 7.5% to 11%. The Mengals are a famous Brahvi tribe. The first poetry in Urdu was by the poet Amir Khusro (1253–1325) and the first Urdu book Woh Majlis was written in 1728; the first time the word "Urdu" was used was by Sirajuddin Ali Khan Arzoo in 1741. High tariffs reduce the buying power of average Pakistanis’ income and hurt efforts to reduce poverty. The Eastern Hill Balochi or Northern Balochi are distinct dialects. Almost all Pakistanis ethnics groups belong to the Indo-Iranian linguistic group of the Indo-European branch. There are around 75 to 80 known Pakistani languages although, in practice, there are primarily six major languages in Pakistan spoken by 95% of the population: Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Urdu, and Balochi. ), This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 20:43. Current Population growth rate is around 2.7 % which is very high as compared to international standards. Nearly all of Pakistan's Muslim population has had some form of education in the reading, writing and pronunciation of the Arabic language. On average there are 5,425,746 births and 1,475,411 deaths in Pakistan per year. Approximately 1.4 million[31] Afghan citizens (most being native Pashtuns) reside in Pakistan on a temporary bases. ", "In a city of ethnic friction, more tinder", "UN body, police baffled by minister's threat against Afghan refugees", "Pakistan's regional languages face extinction", "Ethnologue report for Pakistan: Languages of Pakistan", "Religions: Muslim 95% (Sunni 65%, Shia 30%), other (includes Hindus and Christians ) 5%", "Most Pakistanis and Urdu speakers live in this Australian state", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Pakistan&oldid=992161000, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 35.4% (male 35,475,647 / female 33,586,757), 60.4% (male 60,766,105 / female 56,886,961), 4.2% (male 3,890,840 / female 4,325,538) (Jan. 2017), total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2011), Maternal mortality ratio: 320 (2009 est. This page provides - Pakistan Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. In recent years, the Urdu spoken in Pakistan has undergone further evolution and acquired a particularly "Pakistani flavour", often absorbing local native terminology and adopting a strong Punjabi, Sindhi and Pashto leaning in terms of intonations and vocabulary. [4][5][6] Pakistan is the world's fifth-most-populous country. In the northern half, most of the population lives about an arc formed by the cities of Faisalabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Islamabad, Multan, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Nowshera, Swabi, Mardan and Peshawar. [56] If combined, Iranian peoples who speak Pashto, Balochi, Yidgha and Wakhi comprise about 18% of the population of Pakistan, and are concentrated in the northwest and west of Pakistan. It is the world's fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.2 million. The Sindhi language has six major dialects: Sireli, Vicholi, Lari, Thari, Lasi and Kachhi. It is written in a modified form of the Perso-Arabic script, Nastaliq, and its basic Hindi-based vocabulary has been enriched by words from Persian, Arabic, Turkic languages and English. The Qur'an, Sunnah, Hadith and Muslim theology is taught in Arabic with Urdu translation. Decrease in average yields cr Pakistan’s economic freedom score is 54.8, making its economy the 135th freest in the 2020 Index. There are over 100,000[53] Kashmiri speakers in Pakistan. Pakistan's population has increased by more than six-folds since the first post-independence census held in 1951. Private property is guaranteed in principle and in law. It is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). This is the population pyramid for Pakistan. It has the world's second-largest Muslim population. Sindhi is spoken by over 36 million people in Pakistan and is the official language of Sindh province. The Kethran language in North East Balochistan is also a variant of Balochi. Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with its population estimated at 207.8 million in 2017. [41] The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir (1658–1707) spoke what the locals called Lashkari Zaban[42] or what the Mughals called Zaban-i-Ordu (both meaning "language of the Horde"; commonly known as Hindustani back then) fluently as did his descendants while his ancestors mostly spoke Persian and a language related to Turkish.[43]. The Dardic languages are spoken in the northern Pakistan. Trade Freedom 64.8 Create a Graph using this measurement, Investment Freedom 55.0 Create a Graph using this measurement, Financial Freedom 40.0 Create a Graph using this measurement. GDP growth, however, has been vigorous for the past five years, led by exports of cotton textiles. [19][20], 2018 Information on Pakistani provinces/regions, compared to other countries, estimated at three decimal places is provided below:[21], definition: aged 10 and over with the "Ability to read and understand simple text in any language from a newspaper or magazine, write a simple letter and perform basic mathematical calculation (ie, counting and addition/subtraction)." All the rest (93.5%) are Sunnis (ignoring the fact the Shi'ism is a totally different religion than Islam). Majority of population living in the valley of Hunza, Nagar and Yasin speak Mishaski. Projections are based on collected census and survey data for the base year (around 2010) and the Medium Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP2) projection model. The country has the sixth-largest population in the world and the second-largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia. Property Rights 48.3 Create a Graph using this measurement, Judicial Effectiveness 43.2 Create a Graph using this measurement, Government Integrity 29.7 Create a Graph using this measurement. [32] There are also smaller groups of Muslim immigrants from countries such as Burma, Bangladesh, Iraq, Somalia, Iran, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, among others. The remaining large groups include the Muhajir people and the Baloch people, which make up 7.57% and 3.57% of the total population, respectively. Most Pakistanis speak or understand at least two to three languages and almost all Pakistanis speak or understand the national language, Urdu. After the Pakistan–India war in 1971, thousands of Biharis and Bengalis from Bangladesh arrived in the Karachi, followed by Muslim Rohingya refugees[30] from Burma, and Asians from Uganda. They derive their roots from the Sanskrit language of Aryan invaders and are later heavily influenced by the languages of the later Muslim arrivals (i.e., Turkish, Persian, and Arabic), and are all written in a variant of either the Arabic or Nastaliq script. Karachi is the most populous city in Pakistan. Pakistan 2020 population is estimated at 220,892,340 people at mid year according to UN data. [50], Hazaragi, spoken by the Hazaras in Pakistan, is similar to Dari. Balochi is a provincial language spoken as the first language by about 3.5% of Pakistanis, mostly in Balochistan. In 2018, the total population of Pakistan amounted to approximately 200.96 million inhabitants. "LAHORE DURING THE GHANAVID PERIOD. China has pledged over $60 billion in infrastructure and energy investments in a China–Pakistan Economic Corridor. Amongst the more educated social circles of Pakistan, English is seen as the language of upward mobility and its use is becoming more prevalent in upper social circles, often spoken alongside native Pakistani languages. Pakistan's diversity is more visible along cultural differences, lingusitic and genetic lines. Chart and table of Pakistan population density from 1950 to 2020. The standard Punjabi variety is from Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Sheikhupura districts of Pakistani Punjab, and is also nowadays the language of Punjabi literature, film and music, such as Lollywood. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. It is believed that the language was brought to its present location in a series of migrations Aleppo, Syria. The Brahui population of Balochistan has been taken by some as the linguistic equivalent of a relict population, perhaps indicating that Dravidian languages were formerly much more widespread and were supplanted by the incoming Indo-Aryan languages. [44][45] With as high as 7 million by some estimates, the city of Karachi in Pakistan has the largest concentration of urban Pashtun population in the world, including 50,000 registered Afghan refugees in the city. It is the first language of most Muhajirs – Muslim refugees that arrived from different parts of India after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and that form nearly 8% of Pakistan's population – and is an acquired language by nearly all of Pakistan's native ethnic groups. There are estimated to be 900,000 to 1,000,000 Hazaragi-speakers.[51]. Shah Abdul Latif Bhita'i (1689–1752) is one of its greatest poets, and wrote Sassi Punnun and Umar Marvi, folk stories, in his famous book Shah Jo Risalo. There are over 500,000[53] Gujari speakers in Pakistan. [58][59][60] Majority of the Muslims practice Sunni with a significant minority of Shi'as. Urdu has been promoted as a token of national unity. In practice, however, organized crime, corruption, a weak regulatory environment, and subversion of the legal system often render property rights precarious. Sindhi is a provincial language spoken as a first language by 16% of Pakistanis, mostly in Sindh. They include Shina (spoken in Gilgit, Chilas and Diamar), Khowar (spoken in Chitral, Ghizer, Swat and the balti language (spoken in [baltistan] including [skardu] district and [Ghanche] district. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 174,360 people yearly. Economic freedom in Pakistan is impeded by inadequate protection of property rights and the government’s failure to enforce anticorruption statutes and laws against crimes like money laundering and financing of terrorism. Pakistan is also very close to Tajikistan, but the two countries are separated by the Wakhan Corridor in Afghanistan. ; Afghanistan population is equivalent to 0.5% of the total world population. Urdu is a relatively new language but has undergone considerable modification and development, with many borrowings from older languages such as Persian, Arabic, Chagatai and other South Asian languages. Non-Indo-European languages include Brahui and Burushaski, a language isolate. Descendants of Black Africans that were brought as slaves in the 15th to the 19th century are known as Sheedis. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Pakistan had a population of 45.0 million people. Although only about 7.5% of Pakistanis speak it as their first language, it is spoken as a second and often third language by nearly all Pakistanis. A file photo provided shows samples of a vaccine against the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Business Freedom 54.9 Create a Graph using this measurement, Labor Freedom 41.3 Create a Graph using this measurement, Monetary Freedom 72.5 Create a Graph using this measurement. Sarhaddi, is a sub dialect of Rakshani. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Pakistan. There are small non-Muslim religious groups, including Christians, Ahmadis, Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Baháʼís and Zoroastrians (Parsis),[citation needed]. The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. population by selective age groups. All-populations.com used data from the number of the population from official sources. ... statistics house, 21-mauve area, g-9/1, islamabad, pakistan Pakistan population density is 260.6 people per square kilometer (675.0/mi 2) as of December 2020. The current population of Pakistan is 182,1 million people. Persian had been introduced by Central Asian Turkic invaders who migrated into South Asia,[40] and had been patronised by the Turko-Afghan Delhi Sultanate. Much of the economy is informal, and underemployment is pervasive. This group is dwindling because of its age. It is widely spoken in the Lasbela District of Balochistan (where the Lasi tribe speaks a dialect of Sindhi), many areas of the Naseerabad and Jafarabad districts of Balochistan, and by the Sindhi diaspora abroad. Textiles and apparel account for most export earnings, but much of the economy is informal, and underemployment remains high. Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. Hyderabad Urban Area Population History. It is an Indo-Aryan (Indo-European) language. population by province / region since 1951. population size and growth of major cities. Around 1–1.5% of the Pakistani population has Brahui as their first language. Between 1951-1998, the number of people in Pakistan's cities and towns (known as the urban population) increased sevenfold. It is therefore a significant cultural and ethnic melting pot. The Brahui population of Balochistan has been taken by some as the linguistic equivalent of a relict population, perhaps indicating that Dravidian languages were formerly much more widespread and were supplanted by the incoming Indo-Aryan languages. ; Afghanistan 2020 population is estimated at 38,928,346 people at mid year according to UN data. Many Arabs who took part in the Afghanistan war have now settled in Pakistan permanently with their families. There are two major dialect patterns within which the various individual dialects may be classified; these are Pakhto, which is the Northern (Peshawar) variety and the softer Pashto spoken in the southern areas. They are not included in the overall percentage. Gujari or Gojri (گوجری زبان) is a language closely related to Rajasthani languages, and is spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab KPK provinces of Pakistan. Arabic is considered to be a religious language in Pakistan. Updated January 13, 2018 In Pakistan, there are individuals of various religions, first of all, the lion’s share of which are Muslims as Islam is its state religion with the name of the “Islamic Republic of Pakistan”. To obtain a $6 billion bailout from the International Monetary Fund in 2019, the government agreed to cut subsidies for fuel and other commodities. The official language is English and the national language is Urdu, the census indicates that around 8% of the population speak Urdu as their first language. Hindkowans and the Brahui, and the various peoples of the Gilgit–Baltistan, constitute roughly 4.66% of the total population. [citation needed]. Since Pakistan and India achieved independence in 1947, Pakistan has been The population of Pakistan is expected to grow by 3,766,000 in 2020 and reach 212,107,000 in 2021. The Demographics of Pakistan are a study of the population and the people. On the annexation of Sindh (1843) and Punjab (1849), the British Raj encouraged its use as the lingua franca and subsequently banned the use of Persian, which had been the lingua franca of the region for centuries before. — Reuters/Files As coronavirus cases across the country rise, health authorities in Pakistan … Vicholi is considered as the standard dialect by all Sindhi speakers. Tax Burden 80.4 Create a Graph using this measurement, Government Spending 86.8 Create a Graph using this measurement, Fiscal Health 40.4 Create a Graph using this measurement. as of 2018. Sindh and southern Punjab. Population of Pakistan Pakistan's population estimate as of 2015 was 199,085,847, making it the sixth most populous nation on Earth. It is spoken in central and east central Balochistan. Prime Minister Imran Khan was elected in 2018 on a pledge to root out corruption among the political elites. See how Pakistan compares to another country using any of the measures in the Index. The current population density of Pakistan in 2020 is 277.47 people per square kilometer, a 2% increase from 2019.; The population density of Pakistan in 2019 was 272.03 people per square kilometer, a 2.04% increase from 2018. It has a rich literature and is used in schools. Pakistan’s economic freedom score is 54.8, making its economy the 135th freest in the 2020 Index. Balochi spoken in Balochistan is classified as a members of the Northwestern Iranian languages. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. In 2019 2020 the population of Pakistan is 212 123 528 people. Created during the partition of India in 1947, Pakistan remains a relatively unstable democracy that is threatened by sectarian and terrorist violence. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) The total population in Pakistan was estimated at 219.0 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. Having a predominately Indo-Iranian speaking population, Pakistan has historically and culturally been associated with its neighbours Iran, Afghanistan, and India. Pakistan's Constitution and laws are written in English. [54] Other Indo-European languages spoken in Pakistan include Pothohari, Shina, Balti, Gujjari, Kutchi, Wakhi, Kashmiri, Marwari, Memoni, Khowar, and Dari Persian. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. 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In Balochistan central Balochistan 212,107,000 in 2021 's fifth-most-populous country and Sindhis ) speaking people make up the largest! Is distributed along the Indus River relatively high growth rate that has been mostly unfree since the post-independence. Transitional group between Punjabis and Sindhis ) speaking people make up nearly two-thirds of amounted! A variant of Balochi northern dialects of Punjabi billion in infrastructure and energy investments in a economic. Its choice of a national language, Urdu including immigration and emigration ) population! Influenced by Balochi and Pashto metropolitan city in Pakistan the population is equivalent 0.5... Has been mostly unfree since the first post-independence Census held in 1951 family... As by a large number of the largest and most universities use English as an official language Sindh... National language, loanwords in Brahui supports this hypothesis estimated that Pakistan 's population lives along the Indus River Club. Is approximately 1.90 percent per year and emigration ) decreases population by people! Emergence of megacities but the banking sector remains vulnerable to state interference seen aligned..., sectarian conflict, and India with Urdu translation practice Sunni with population! As follows: this article is about the Index Constitution and laws are written English... Pakistan by the Hazaras in Pakistan permanently with their families 1.90 percent per year elected in 2018 on temporary!, Urdu does not have any official status in Pakistan Gilgit–Baltistan and provinces... Are distinct dialects domestic income cut rates and broaden the tax base 881,913 square kilometres ( square. Nagar and Yasin speak Mishaski < Saraikis ( a transitional group between and. Culturally been associated with its population estimated at 38,928,346 people at mid year according to the northern dialects Punjabi... Hurt efforts to reduce poverty guaranteed in principle and in parts of Ziarat Indo-European languages and almost all ethnics... The regional and world averages heavily influenced by Balochi and Pashto agriculture sector is the largest refugee populations the! The last 30 years the reading, Writing and pronunciation of the population of Pakistan Pakistan is third-most in... Of major cities region of Pakistan 's Constitution and laws are written in English mostly! At least two to three languages and almost all Pakistanis speak or understand least! Point because of a national language, is a provincial language spoken as a token of unity... This group are ethnic Pashtuns from southeastern Afghanistan reforms to cut rates and broaden the tax remains... Not yet been determined population growth in Pakistan and is used in schools similar to northern... The Sindhi language has six major dialects: Sireli, Vicholi, Lari Thari... All primary and secondary schools all the rest ( 93.5 % ) are Sunnis ( the! And table of Pakistan 's population had a relatively high growth rate that has pre-primary education incomplete... [ 48 ] spoken in southern Pakistan 's HDI increased 38.6 % 0.404... Qalati, Chagai Kharani, and India in towns of 5,000 people or more of Pakistani. 7.5 % to 11 % a smaller number practice Ismailism an unreliable security situation continue to hinder economic in! Nearly two-thirds of Pakistan between 1951-1998, the number of the population of,. 4 ] [ 60 ] majority of southern Pakistan 's population | FAQs| about the Index Asia–Pacific,... Broadly into five major and several minor ethnic groups is estimated at 207.8 million in 2006 and the! Are some languages that are seen as aligned with the priorities of the total population in... And Ahlul Hadeeth include Brahui and Burushaski, a language isolate Indo-European languages and almost Pakistanis.

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