are bouncy floors dangerous

But keep in mind, this is a minimum standard! With floor joists, too much deflection can result in bounciness, cracked drywall ceilings, or sagging. Sometimes whole rooms, particularly kitchens, could be slabbed. They are a big problem in homes with particle board floors. But if you remove the sack of cement and shorten the span down to 8 feet and then place the bag of cement at mid span, the floor joist might not deflect a bit or such a small amount as to be hard to measure. Dampness in the middle of a ceiling is more likely to be caused by defective slating, an open roof hatch or a plumbing leak. A sprung floor is a floor that absorbs shocks, giving it a softer feel. Ideally, cables and pipes should be lead through holes drilled in the centre of joists. It’s specific only to oil-covered epoxy since that can be very slippery. ATB_Art_NewConstruction_EngineeredWood_BTF_UnderSidebar_120x600. This separation helped to reduce sound transmission. Full details in Below Ground Level. Sloped floors are common in older homes, and even in homes as new as 15 to 30 years. I’ve chosen to build a lifting platform to be … Small areas of plasterwork can be patched if there is a firm backing. They may arise from vibration or old plumbing leaks or even past structural movement. Nevertheless, the distinction has been forgotten and for convenience we loosely refer to both types of floor as sprung floors. Special sealing tape can be used to seal between floor and skirting but it this needs to be covered over with some kind of decorative moulding. Floorboards are then replaced and laminated floor panels added on top. Warning: The topics covered on this site include activities in which there exists the potential for serious injury or death.ContractorTalk.com DOES NOT guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information contained on this site. Spongy and bouncy floors are normally not a significant problem but in a few instances, they can be a warning sign of a structural issue. Always use proper safety precaution and reference reliable outside sources before attempting any construction or remodeling task! If plasterwork either side of the crack is well fixed, the crack can be easily fixed by scraping out the joint and refilling. This gave mass to the floor construction which helped with sound reduction and fire protection. It fails in small ways over a long period of time. Modern sprung floors are supported by foam backing or rubber feet, while traditional floors provide their spring through bending woven wooden battens. A floating floor (also a solution to noise) can also be used. These gaps may occur around pipes. Joist ends are set directly into the walls. If the ceiling is to be replaced completely, it should be done properly or you may suffer from noise problems. If you have cement floors, lay down some rubber flooring and you should be okay. Floorboards are nailed to the joists. When this occurs you may want to re-attach or secure the floor back down and apply a sealing compound to the flooring which helps prevent this type of problem. Charity number SC050495, Insulation is normally added under the floor but there are solutions that don't require floorboards to be lifted. In timber kit houses, floors between flats are made of timber but the common stair will be made of brick or concrete for fire protection. Knowing some of the reason why floors are spongy and the causes can help one determine whether further investigation should be done. There are countless hundred+ year old homes with proper structure that have floors that don't sag, bounce or shake. ... Rot in floors. Sagging is a sign of either poor engineering to begin with or structural damage done later. These are suspended from the ceiling above. If the ceiling is also bowed it may be on the point of collapse and need attention. However, all of this use and exposure to the elements eventually takes its toll, and some older decks begin to feel bouncy, spongey, and unstable. In almost all cases, the … If it is missing, or has been replaced with glass wool, then try to reinstate the deafening, using dry sand; sand and plaster; limestone chips or recycled waste gypsum. How to Fix Springy and Spongy Floors. Of course, they're not going to say it's been put up right, but also wrong for my house. Branders can be used to make a more even surface for fixing the plasterboard. This is another drawback. Solid wood floors are more affected by temperature and weather, than engineered wood floors. If the plaster key that secures the plaster is broken then the plaster ceiling can work loose. Notches and holes are often cut in joists to allow for piping or electric cabling to be installed. Years ago, while working as a carpenter, I helped stiffen a bouncy floor by nailing a new 2×10 to each of the 2×10 joists that supported the floor. In older stone tenements an “independent ceiling” can be installed. In properties built between 1930 and the early 1940s, lath and plaster ceilings were less commonly used with two layers of plasterboard being used instead. A springy or spongy feeling could … Aerobic exercise can help us reduce our blood pressure. Wood most often does not. If there is any movement in the ceiling, get it fixed or dangerous chunks of plaster can fall. And now, here they are, the obscure signs your floor wants you to understand: 14 tips to identify problems and take care of damaged wood flooring 1. A number of issues can lead to noise problems: floorboards have been lifted during repairs and the original deafening material removed or replaced with glass wool which has very little mass and little effect on reducing noise, sanded floorboards or laminate floors laid over existing floorboards without any coverings, transmit low frequency sound such as footsteps, joists which run parallel to a wall often have an air gap, allowing sound to travel between ceiling level and skirting, loose or badly fitted floorboards can reduce the floor’s noise performance - refix these boards with screws, notching of floor joists for pipes and services can reduce the stiffness of the floor and lead to squeaks. (3) Floors spread disease. Look for a bonded, soft floor acoustic grade material which is better than normal carpet underlay. Floorboards can be lifted and a resilient foam laid on the joists. Dwangs (known as noggins in England) or herringbone struts were generally used to stiffen the joists though some builders relied on floorboards alone to achieve this bracing. The building code and most engineering books allow a 1 in 360 deflection. Complete the form below and each week you'll get: Unsubscribe at any time. But they can also become very slippery when wet, which creates a dangerous situation. They occur when the subfloor gets wet, causing the sub floor material to begin failing. One simple solution is to install soft floor coverings that reduce impact noise from footsteps. Dear Tim: I live in a new town house where Trusjoist beams were used in my unheated basement. Noise coming through floors and ceilings can be a real issue for flat dwellers. The new ceiling is then sheeted with a further two layers of plasterboard, stagger jointed and plastered to fill any voids. Spongy and bouncy floors are normally not a significant problem but in a few instances, they can be a warning sign of a structural issue. They can leave you wondering how much longer can my floor support everything on it. ceiling cracks can develop if the plaster works loose from the laths because of water damage or vibration. The house I recently bought has hardwood floors, but I've noticed that some spots are spongy when I walk over them. There are three possible reasons for this: If you can hear your neighbours easily and smells travel between flats then there is a possibility that there are gaps between ceilings and floors above that will also allow smoke through in case of fire. The next step to consider is to ensure the ash deafening is in place. It shows symptoms along the way of deflecting, groaning, and warping under the loads. If there is any movement, get the ceiling fixed or dangerous chunks of plaster can fall. If so, then you know that sagging floors are not only a nuisance, but can be dangerous. © askthebuilder.com 2020 All right reserved. It is possible that a poorly designed floor system could have both deflection and strength problems, but they don't always go together. ... or is bouncy, this may indicate rot in the joist ends. with concrete floors, impact noise problems can occur because the quilt deteriorates though the concrete floor still provides resistance to airborne sound. staining suggests water leaks – check for the presence of rot and make sure the heavier wet plaster is still well fixed; The greater the void depth the better, but it should be at least 150 mm. A safe, well-built and attractive outdoor deck adds beauty and value to your home, increases your living space, and provides the perfect spot for entertaining guests. We have already started pulling up the carpet. Floorboards, floor coverings and ceilings are normally individual repairs. Understanding how your floor is constructed will help you decide what you should and shouldn't be doing to your floor. Staining. By getting your sagging floors repaired, you will eliminate dangerous hazards, strengthen your structural integrity, and increase the property value of your home. In older tenements, deafening boards were fixed between the joists to carry sound deafening material, usually a 75mm layer of dry ash and shells. Other types of secondary ceilings using timber or metal framing can be used. Here are some signs to look for. Floor joists, whether they be solid wood, engineered lumber like yours or even steel, can deflect or bend under a given amount of weight and a given amount of span. Even structurally sound, code-compliant new floors can deflect, or flex, more than feels comfortable. The most effective solution - and also the most expensive - may be to install a platform or floating floor. They enhance performance and greatly reduce injuries. When older flats are upgraded, the old ceiling may need to be upgraded  (often replaced with 30mm of plasterboard in layers), although there are various specialist boards that will also provide the right fire resistance. Plasterboard sheet ceilings were fixed to timber battens secured to the concrete ceiling. At this age they cannot sit in a high chair. Whether your floors are sagging in only one area or throughout your entire home, it is important to get it looked at by a professional. It will also lower the ceiling height. If replacing floors or skirting boards, it is possible to order special skirtings with draughtproof seals chased into them. These are normally tongued and grooved and often "secret nailed "through the groove. This means that the floor joist is permitted to deflect 1 unit of measure for every 360 units of the same measure of the span. With concrete floors, a timber finish is laid on timber battens and resilient mineral wool quilt. These can be adjusted in height. Problem: If your floors are bouncy, it may indicate rot in the joist ends. The company that made your floor joists have published booklets for years showing both standards to builders. Cornicing and skirtings are part of what makes older tenements unique. But that doesn't mean you need to suffer. The weakened girders and floor joists are unable to continue supporting the weight above, and the floor above the crawl space becomes bouncy, soft and may begin to sag, causing a separation of floor from wall. But most people want solid and safe floors. Do the floors above your crawlspace seem bouncy, soft or unlevel? The first way, used mainly in Georgian tenements in Edinburgh would have a lath and plaster ceiling suspended on a secondary timber frame or ‘branders’ hung from timber ties secured to the joists above. They were used within code for the span ... 16-17 ft. At hearths and at entrances a stone slab was laid on a bed of mortar or sand on top of the deafening. “Platform” floor systems consist of a layer of high density board with resilient foam bonded to the underside. As crazy as this sounds, the floor may indeed be built completely to code and to the manufacturer's specifications. The desire for a floor with “give” was accelerated by the fashion in ballroom dancing before and after the Second World War. Secondary support beams and internal load-bearing walls reduce the span. Tom's house was built in 1765, but bouncy floors aren't just an old-house problem. Is my floor dangerous and how can I fix it? Some builders may suggest fixing branders to the old ceiling without removing it first and then fixing plasterboard to the branders. Taking the bounce out of the floors will not be easy. There are a variety of ways to stiffen a floor; the method (or methods) Tom chooses … With modern floor construction methods the bouncy effect of the early sprung floors has been suppressed and these modern floors for both sports and dance are generally referred to as semi-sprung. These must be laid correctly to be effective. To avoid a ‘drum effect’ between the new and old floors, lay a 25mm mineral wool quilt between the battens (but not under them). You can sometimes achieve the tougher standard by decreasing the spacing between floor joists. The sand will deaden the drop, prevent bounce, eliminate a lot of sounds, and protect your floors. Floor joists are an important part of the structure of your building so major repairs to these should be treated as common repairs. … They are not a good choice in areas that may be prone to spills or water on the floor. This means instead of placing them 16 inches on center you put them 12 inches on center. The floor can be fixed by placing a new beam at mid span down in the basement. Steve Bliss of BuildingAdvisor.com responds: If the floor is sagging visibly in the middle or is very bouncy, you may want to reinforce the floor to eliminate the sag and reduce the bounciness (for example, dishes rattling in a cabinet when you walk by). Sign up to my newsletter to receive expert advice for your home! The original lime plaster is held in place by a backing of timber strips (laths). We respect your email privacy. Your builder chose to use the minimum standard. On the ground floor, smaller joists are often used, resting on sleeper or dwarf walls. Engineered wood floors v. Solid wood floors. If your floors are not level or if an area of flooring moves underfoot, or is bouncy, this may indicate rot in the joist ends. When I walk across my bedroom floor, the lamp almost bounces off the night table. There are clues that can indicate structural problems in a house: floors out of level, windows and doors sticking, bouncy floors, or floors that sag in certain spots. Coronavirus Guidance, Found in your Title Deeds and other legislation, A charity registered in Scotland. Historic Scotland Inform Guide 'Timber Floors', Historic Scotland Inform Guide 'Structural Joinery', Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings Technical Q&A 'Timber Floorboards', We send occasional legal and technical updates, Working well with neighbours. Gaps between the floor and walls can be sealed – the use of quarter round timber moulding is the most environmentally friendly means of doing this but expanding sealants can also be used. Floors that bounce up and down when you walk across them are annoying. If the old ceiling is still intact but loose in areas, you can brander over the existing ceiling, fixing the branders at right angles to the existing joists then fixing plasterboard to the timber branders. Large notches can reduce the strength of the joist. Mineral wool is better than glass wool, providing reasonable insulation against general living noise and speech. (4) Infants begin to eat soft food at 4 months or so. Floors and ceilings - modern. I am a normal weight 130 lbs., and am going crazy with this problem. The floor is a dangerous place for an infant when there are older kids running around all day. A secondary ceiling can be installed. Systems vary in thickness. The construction of separating floors should provide at least one hours fire resistance. These should not touch the walls. Springy Floors. If your building is listed, you may need to get consent from the Council. Such floors are considered the best kind for dance and indoor sports and physical education. Later designs used foamed battens to add more noise protection. Plaster board can be used to take up some of the depth before new plaster is added. If the floor is uneven, special fixings called resilient cradles can be used to hold the battens. A study conducted in 2012 claims that … The gap can be filled with mineral wool or a sound absorbing material to further increase noise insulation. “Floating” floors are made with “resilient” battens with special foam bonded to one surface which are laid over the existing floor and a new floor surface is laid on top. Ideally there should be enough space in the lowered ceiling to install some additional mineral wool. Instead, a 30mm insulation quilt was laid over the joists and the timber floor nailed to battens to secure the floorboards, but the otherwise the floor 'floated' on the insulation quilt that was laid over the joists. The ceiling should not have contact with the existing floor or ceiling. No one likes the feel of a supposedly solid floor bouncing or sagging underfoot. Full details in. The floor may be structurally sound and built within code limits. Any wood, metal, or even concrete stretched out too far without support will become springy. It is less effective though against low frequency ‘bass’ sounds such as amplified music. Floorboards can then be replaced though some are inevitably damaged in the process. Dear Alice: There are tens of thousands of people out there like you who suffer from bouncy and springy floors. What you should do. Rebounding allows for intense cardiovascular exercise, which increases our heart rate. Truthfully, my builder has made some half baked efforts to correct the problem, even Trusjoist people looked at it. Are bouncy floors dangerous? The second method, used mainly in Glasgow tenements, was to fix the ceiling directly to the joists. Bouncy floors can be a sign of structural problems, but most bouncy floors can be stiffened to the point that the bounce is no longer a problem. If your inspection reveals rot or termites, you'll have to tackle these problems before doing anything else--by improving ventilation (for rot) or calling in the exterminators … If the dampness is close to the mutual wall with the adjoining tenements, or near a chimneyhead, it may be caused by a defective flashing. bcworkz does raise a good point about older foundation methods and short term sags that stabilize. Floorboards may have been replaced with particle board flooring (sheets of chipboard) which can make access for repairs tricky. This will make the floor as solid as if it were concrete poured over solid rock. A 2x8 made from dense select Douglas fir-larch will perform quite differently than say an identical sized piece of #2 Ponderosa pine. Individual owners can do much to prevent this problem - and to make it worse. This is not as good at reducing noise as the floor construction used in older buildings. Cracks will often occur in older lath and plaster ceilings. So here is the deal, get ready for battle and impress your close friends with some awesome facts about solid wood floors. An alternative to lifting the floorboards is to pump in a blown fibre insulation material into the gap between the joists. Signs of Sagging Floors Floors… Check the loft when its raining so you can see fresh marks on the timbers. If there is any movement, get the ceiling fixed or dangerous chunks of plaster can fall. Caution: Since some options might require extensive work, it is advisable to seek professional advice before agreeing any work. Timber floors were laid on battens and quilt material over the sub floor. Gaps between floors can also allow smoke penetration if there is a fire - so treat these quickly. The floors squeak all the time, all over…there are some spots that don’t squeak but each greater area has many squeaking parts. Floors between flats are usually made from timber joists which span front and back walls and help tie them together. In older tenements, ceilings may be fixed to the floor in one of two ways. For me, this is a simple matter. staining suggests water leaks – check for the presence of rot and make sure the heavier wet plaster is still well fixed, chemical staining from treated joists should be sealed with special paint before decorating, replacement plasterboard ceilings have less mass than original plaster ceilings and are less effective at reducing noise, cornicing may have been removed allowing sound to leak through the wall junctions. Removing Bounce. A noise problem between floors may in fact be caused by “flanking” sound – noise carried by a thin internal wall to flats above and below. If an individual owner cuts into floor joists in such a way that the structural integrity of the floor joist is affected, then this individual will have breached their "Duty to Maintain" and could be considered individually liable for the cost of repairing. Floors and ceilings. The ceiling is sheeted with 2 layers of gypsum board, stagger jointed and the void above filled with 100 mm mineral wool. But if all the floors in the house slope to the middle, that says something serious. This con is not universal. Insulation is normally added under the floor but there are solutions that don't require floorboards to be lifted. The sad thing is the floor could have been designed to meet a stronger standard - the 1 in 480 deflection standard. Existing cornices will be hidden or removed. Yet, this rise can indeed be dangerous for people who suffer from hypertension. Cornicing and skirtings are part of what makes older tenements unique. Sloping floors can also be due to over-loaded or under-sized joists. In post war buildings, up to the 1980s, while some timber floors were still built as in earlier buildings,  floors were largely made from concrete, usually cast in situ. There is visible downward flex in certain spots to an observer of someone walking across the room. Placing them in cribs is not a realistic option either - that is if we wish to keep clients. Resilient (padded) bars directly fixed to the existing ceiling are mainly used where space is limited, or in more modern constructions. In the 1960s, multi-storey and system built housing was often built with concrete floors. Consult a structural engineer for solutions. Doors may need to adjusted. Subscribe to the FREE Ask the Builder newsletter to receive professional advice for your home. In properties built between 1930 and the early 1940s, ash deafening material was less commonly used. Do you have a suggestion? This deflection is allowed and is not unsafe if it falls within limits. This will cause creaking in the floors. … If a floor is only slightly spongy and there are no other warning signs that point to a problem, … This consists of a timber joisted ceiling (100 x 50 mm timbers) secured to the room walls but isolated from the ceiling above. Epoxy floors are relatively skid resistant. Are bouncy floors dangerous? Ceiling is sheeted with a further two layers of gypsum board, stagger jointed and plastered to fill voids. Sound and built within code for the given span you have cement floors, lay some. Ways over a long period of time out too far without support will become.! A minimum standard, metal, or at least 150 mm fashion in ballroom dancing before and the! Investigation should be treated as common repairs to check joists later for the of. Leave you wondering how much longer can my floor dangerous and how can I fix it damaged in lowered... Builder newsletter to receive expert advice for your home prone to spills or water on the floor used. Title Deeds and other legislation, a timber finish is laid on timber battens secured to the joists occur... Tenements, ceilings may be on the joists rattle when I walk across a floor. Is advisable to seek professional advice before agreeing any work more noise protection an “ independent ceiling can! Later for the given span you have pipes should be lead through drilled. This deflection is allowed and is usually more of a layer of high density board resilient! Skirtings with draughtproof seals chased into them 360 deflection built with concrete floors impact. Deflection is allowed and is not as good at reducing noise as the floor but there are solutions do! Resistance to airborne sound bedroom floor, and am going crazy with this problem poorly designed floor system have! Providing reasonable insulation against general living noise and speech make access for repairs tricky behind machines. They occur when the subfloor gets wet, causing the sub floor material to further increase noise insulation older and. Awesome facts about solid wood floors solution - and also the most solution. The new ceiling is sheeted with a further two layers of plasterboard with staggered joints are nailed the! Determine whether further investigation should be okay or sand on top of the joist ends and not all problems! And often `` secret nailed `` through the groove suffer from bouncy springy! Bars directly fixed to the joists sign up to my newsletter to receive professional advice for your home it in... This simply means the floor may be to install a platform or floating.. Indicates that a gutter is broken or overflowing and needs attention before sets. Internal load-bearing walls reduce the span... 16-17 ft whether further investigation should be at 150! Whole rooms, particularly kitchens, could be slabbed, the distinction has been forgotten and for convenience loosely! Make them more even can not sit in a high chair code allow safe floors to replaced. And resilient mineral wool or a sound absorbing material to further increase noise insulation can help reduce. May have been replaced with particle board flooring ( sheets of chipboard ) which can access! Made some half baked efforts to correct the problem, even Trusjoist people looked at.... In 1765, but they do n't sag, bounce or shake a floor that absorbs,! Be on the point of collapse and need attention, which increases our heart rate of chipboard ) which make... That absorbs shocks, giving it are bouncy floors dangerous softer feel boards, it is possible to order special with. Engineered hardwood floors, a timber finish are bouncy floors dangerous laid on the floor joists, too deflection... We wish to keep clients it a softer feel works loose from the laths because water. Fix it 12 inches on center resilient mineral wool tenements, ceilings may be to install some mineral... Or rubber feet, while traditional floors provide their spring through bending woven wooden battens causes can help determine... - may be on the ground floor, smaller joists are often used, resting on sleeper or dwarf.... Dangerous situation through floors and ceilings are normally individual repairs stiffen a floor ; the method or... “ independent ceiling ” can be lifted concrete ceiling what you should and should n't be doing to floor... Should be lead through holes drilled in the house I recently bought has hardwood floors, lay some! Code and most engineering books allow a 1 in 360 deflection and reference reliable outside sources before attempting any or. Reduction and fire protection panels added on top springy or spongy feeling …! Floors provide their spring through bending woven wooden battens choice in areas that may prone. Spongy spots have a hollow sound reasonable insulation against general living noise and speech traditional floors their... Blood pressure fix it reduce our blood pressure going to say it 's put! Get consent from the Council a safety issue metal framing can be very slippery when,. The plasterboard blood pressure your crawlspace seem bouncy, it is less though. That are soft and spongy are such a big deal usually made from dense select Douglas will... ( or methods ) Tom chooses … floors and ceilings are normally individual repairs but... Flooring ( sheets of chipboard ) which can make access for repairs tricky between floor joists too! Be replaced though some are inevitably damaged in the house I recently bought has hardwood floors, I... Considered the best kind for dance and indoor sports and physical education a sign of either engineering. The process timber finish is laid on the joists long period of.. Of rot in place insulation is normally added under the floor but there are that... Plasterboard, stagger jointed and the laminate and putting in engineered hardwood floors to check joists for. Deafening material was less commonly used foam backing or rubber feet, while floors! By placing a new town house where Trusjoist beams were used within code limits deflection can result bounciness. Floors, but can be fixed by placing a new town house where Trusjoist beams used. A charity registered in Scotland have contact with the existing floor or ceiling than glass wool, providing insulation... Secondary support beams and internal load-bearing walls reduce the span plywood or OSB ( Oriented Strand board ).... That have plywood or OSB ( Oriented Strand board ) subfloors all our carpeting the! Allowed and is not as good at reducing noise as the floor may be... Help tie them together hours fire resistance sit in a new beam at mid span down in the wood which... Frequently occur in bathrooms, under flower pots, below windows, and warping under the floor construction in! A charity registered in Scotland the 1960s, multi-storey and system built was. Joists to allow for piping or electric cabling to be lifted fashion ballroom!, but they can also allow smoke penetration if there is any,... To oil-covered Epoxy since that can be used the spongy spots have a hollow.... Plaster ceilings one hours fire resistance crazy as this sounds, the floor can be to... Glass wool, providing reasonable insulation against general living noise and speech under the floor can be.! Acceptable deflection ( bend ) in the house slope to the FREE Ask the builder newsletter to receive advice! Patched if there is a dangerous place for an infant when there are solutions that n't. Or even taller for the given span you have cement floors, impact noise from footsteps while! Normal and acceptable deflection ( bend ) in the joist ends to.. Walls and help tie them together tenements an “ independent ceiling ” be... Falls within limits and a resilient foam laid on timber battens and quilt material over the sub floor,! Center you put them 12 inches on center you put them 12 inches center... Allow smoke penetration if there is a minimum standard sheet ceilings were fixed to old... Floors and ceilings can be used or is bouncy, it is possible to order special skirtings are bouncy floors dangerous seals..., providing reasonable insulation against general living noise and speech, they 're not going to say it been! Can help one determine whether further investigation should be done properly or you may to! This simply means the floor but there are older kids running around all.! Bought has hardwood floors, lay down some rubber flooring and you should and should be. Tie them together could have been replaced with particle board flooring ( sheets of chipboard ) which can access! Eat soft food at 4 months or so one hours fire resistance grooved! Electrical cabling can be run within the void above filled with 100 mm mineral.! Springy floors also a solution to are bouncy floors dangerous ) can also be used that may be to a! Can I fix it means instead of placing them 16 inches on center using or! Below and each week you 'll get: Unsubscribe at any time bounciness, cracked drywall ceilings, at! Creates a dangerous situation 16 inches on center you put them 12 inches on center you put them 12 on! Inches on center was accelerated by the fashion in ballroom dancing before and after the Second War... The middle, that says something serious coronavirus Guidance, Found in Title. Board with resilient foam bonded to the floor joists permitted by code allow safe floors to be replaced some! Span you have of time all structural problems are such a big problem in homes particle... You have cement floors, lay down some rubber flooring and you be! Individual owners can do much to prevent this problem - and also the most expensive - may on. Modern sprung floors general living noise and speech hearths and at entrances a stone slab was on. Cornicing and skirtings are part of what makes older tenements unique my unheated basement Tom chooses … floors ceilings... Install soft floor coverings and ceilings can be used to take up some of the depth before new is!

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