As waves and wind carry sand inland the dunes slowly move, at a speed of 3 to 10 metres (9.8 to 32.8 ft) meters per year. Overview of weather conditions and climate, plus the current weather forecast online. About 63 square kilometers along the Gulf of Gdańsk are below sea level. The largest, the central lowlands or "Polish Plain" (Polish: Niż Polski or Nizina Polska), is narrow in the west, then expands to the north and south as it extends eastward. Many beautiful medieval castles are still found in the region, including Moszna in Opole and the massive 400-room Ksiaz in Silesia. Poland hosted them twice - in 2008, in Poznań and in 2013, in Warsaw. In winter, snow makes up about half the total precipitation in the plains and almost all of it in the mountains. Upper Silesia and Kraków, in particular, had suffered some of the highest levels of atmospheric and groundwater pollution in Europe. You can count on many sunny days and many rainy days and don’t be surprised when the summer turns out to be quite hot or quite rainy. National Geographic Maps hub including map products and stories about maps and mapmaking Climate Zones of World Map; View Political World Map with countries boundaries of all independent nations as well as some dependent territories. Within Poland, neither of these ranges is forbidding enough to prevent substantial habitation; the Carpathians are especially densely populated. The geological structure of Poland has been shaped by the continental collision of Europe and Africa over the past 60 million years on the one hand and the other by the Quaternary glaciations of northern Europe. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Poland Climate map. Once a map is … Major cities normally have the status of both gmina and powiat. There are few endemic species; the Polish larch (Larix polonica) and the Ojców birch (Betula oycoviensis) are two examples. Poland and Hungary said they will put their own economies first after rejecting an EU bid for net-zero greenhouse gas emissions. Prior to the end of the Second World War and subsequent change in national borders, Poland had only a very small coastline; this was situated at the end of the 'Polish Corridor', the only internationally recognised Polish territory which afforded the country access to the sea. However, after World War II, the redrawing of Poland's borders and resulting 'shift' of the country's borders left it with a greatly expanded coastline, thus allowing for far greater access to the sea than was ever previously possible. There are also large forested areas in the mountains, Masuria, Pomerania, Lubusz Land and Lower Silesia. While the great majority of Poland's rivers drain into the Baltic Sea, Poland's Beskids are the source of some of the upper tributaries of the Orava, which flows via the Váh and the Danube to the Black Sea. The lowest point in Poland – at 2 metres (6.6 ft) below sea level – is at Raczki Elbląskie, near Elbląg in the Vistula Delta. VISIT WEBSITE. To the north of the central lowlands, the lake region includes primeval forests - one of the last remaining in Europe and much of Poland's shrinking unspoiled natural habitat. Summer is the best time to visit Poland. Poland Climate map. There are small numbers of Slovaks, Czechs, and Armenians. In the High Tatras lies Poland's highest point, the north-western summit of Rysy, 2,499 metres (8,199 ft) in elevation. To contribute to this topic, a time series of very high resolution (30 arc-seconds) maps of the well-known Köppen-Geiger climate classification is presented. Poland’s capital city is Warsaw, and other important cities include Krakow and Gdansk. Summer, which extends from June to August, is generally less humid than winter. Poland (Polish: Polska ()), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska [ʐɛt͡ʂpɔˈspɔlita ˈpɔlska] ()), is a country located in Central Europe. In addition to the lake districts in the north (in Masuria, Pomerania, Kashubia, Lubuskie, and Greater Poland), there is also a large number of mountain lakes in the Tatras, of which the Morskie Oko is the largest in area. In the forests, one also encounters game animals, such as red deer, roe deer and wild boars. Best periods to visit Poland - tourist seasons. Brown bears live in the Carpathian Mountains. The mountainous regions in the east and southeast have a Dfb Climate, a humid Snow Climate with the warmest month below 22°C and more than four months … Within Poland the range includes two major basins, the Oświęcim and Sandomierz, which are rich in several minerals and natural gas. The growing season is about 40 days longer in the southwest than in the northeast, where spring arrives latest. Poland Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Help. The hottest cities in Poland are Tarnów, Wrocław and Słubice. The major elements involved are oceanic air masses from the west, cold polar air from Scandinavia or Russia, and warmer, subtropical air from the south. Błędów Desert was created thousands of years ago by a melting glacier. Pollution in eastern Europe, 1980s and 1990s. It is called the Błędów Desert, located in the Silesian Voivodeship in southern Poland. The region is cut by several major rivers, including the Oder (Odra), which defines the Silesian Lowlands in the southwest, and the Vistula (Wisla), which defines the lowland areas of east-central Poland.  Poland's highest point is Mount Rysy, at 2,499 km (1,553 mi). Masuria occupies the remainder of northern Poland and features a string of larger lakes. Musicians in traditional dress performing in the Main Market Square, Kraków, Poland. The climate of the mountains is determined by altitude. Snow covers the mountainous area in the south of Poland (mid-December to April). The average annual precipitation for the whole country is 600 mm (23.6 in), but isolated mountain areas receive as much as 1,300 mm (51.2 in) per year. Virtually all of Poland’s people claim Polish nationality, with Polish as their native tongue. Business EU climate goals ditched as Warsaw and Budapest dig in. Phytogeographically, Poland belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. Climate of Poland. December 2006 was the warmest one in Poland since 1779. In Silesia a significant segment of the population tends to declare itself as Silesian or German according to political circumstances. Sunshine reaches its maximum over the Baltic in summer and the Carpathians in winter, and mean annual temperatures range from 46 °F (8 °C) in the southwestern lowlands to 44 °F (7 °C) in the colder northeast. Climate data and weather averages in Warsaw. By the late 20th century, the Polish Academy of Sciences had described Poland as one of the most polluted countries in the world. Poland has a moderate climate with both maritime and continental elements. historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain, Historical regions of the current Polish state, Poland belongs to three Palearctic Ecoregions, "Powierzchnia i ludność w przekroju terytorialnym w 2018 roku", Masurian Lake District, at mazury.info.pl, Domestic and Export Price Formation of U.S. Hops, "Agriculture in the European Union. The average elevation is 173 meters, and only 3% of Polish territory, along the southern border, is elevated higher than 500 meters. It is only one of five natural deserts in Europe. CPC Search JAWF Home Southern Hemisphere Brazil Argentina Southern Africa Australia: Northern Hemisphere Mexico Europe FSU Middle East India China SE Asia Weekly Summary SH.ppt NH.ppt Archive Seminar Series 2010 Schedule Presentations GIS DATA U.S. OBS Global : HOME > JAWF : Europe : Precipitation (CPC Analysis) GFS Precipitation Forecasts: … The country's highest peak is Mount Rysy, which rises 2,499 meters in the Tatra Range of the Carpathian Mountains, 95 kilometers south of Kraków. Here's some information to help you in your decision: 1. The major elements involved are oceanic air masses from the west, cold polar air from Scandinavia or Russia, and warmer, subtropical air from the south. Lakes have always played an important role in Polish history and continue to be of great importance to today's modern Polish society. France. In the Middle Ages and in early modern times, when the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was the breadbasket of Europe; the shipment of grain and other agricultural products down the Vistula toward Gdańsk and onward to other parts of Europe took on great importance.. More than one-fourth of the country is wooded, with the majority set aside as public property. Poland is traditionally divided into five topographic zones from north to south. Poland is the fifth-most populous country of the European Union and the ninth-largest country in Europe by area. Along the eastern border, this zone reaches from the far northeast to within 200 kilometers of the southern border. The first is caused by melting snow and ice dams in spring adding to the volume of lowland rivers; the second is caused by heavy rains in July. The climate of Poland is maritime and sometimes continental determined by the geographical location. There is a serious intensification of weather phenomena, such as drought, hurricane-force winds, tornadoes and hail. In winter about half the precipitation in the lowlands and the entire amount in the mountains falls as snow. Statistical and Economic Information 2011", "Poland.pl – White Stork – About White Stork", http://www.ekoedu.uw.edu.pl/rep/pdf/22fe31f808780c906db3ae3df0bb1728.pdf, http://www.twojapogoda.pl/artykuly/113139,grudnie-coraz-mniej-sniezne-i-cieplejsze, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Poland&oldid=992205871, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Articles containing Silesian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2009, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, coal, sulfur, copper, silver, natural gas, iron, zinc, lead, salt, arable land, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 01:50. In addition, wetlands along lakes and rivers in central Poland are legally protected, as are coastal areas in the north. On the Baltic coast due to the influence of the Atlantic, the climate is much milder. Humid Atlantic air masses collide with dry continental masses over its territory making the weather in Poland capricious and changeable, and consequently difficult to predict. Poland : geography, maps, flag, statistics, photos and cultural information about Poland. Poland’s climate is temperate with warm (sometimes very hot) summers, crisp, sunny autumns and cold winters. A simple guide to worldbuilding climate zones. Hover on the map or browse below to learn about what’s happening in your country. Poland (Polish: Polska) is a country that extends across the North European Plain from the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains in the south to the sandy beaches of the Baltic Sea in the north. Winter in Poland is cold and snowy. Site Map: News: Organization: Search . The Baltic coastal plains are a low-lying region formed of sediments deposited by the sea. A series of barometric depressions moves eastward along the polar front year-round, dividing the subtropical from the colder air and bringing to Poland, as to other parts of northern Europe, cloudy, wet days. The temperature here averages … Several areas of central Poland, where cement is produced and brown coal (lignite) is burned, also were contaminated by air pollution. Winters are usually cold, with temperatures well below freezing, and more or less snowy. Fir and beech woods give way to the spruce of the upper woods, which in turn fade into subalpine, alpine, and snow-line vegetation. Eps Adobe Illustrator weather map. Previous post: Poland Climate map. Most rainfall in the Eastern regions of the country and South mountain areas. The Poland Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 12 days. The Kraków-Częstochowa Upland, the Pieniny, and the Western Tatras consist of limestone, while the High Tatras, the Beskids, and the Karkonosze are made up mainly of granite and basalts. On the highest mountain peaks, the mean temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F). The UN climate summits, i.e. Showers and thunderstorms alternate with dry sunny weather that is generated when southern and eastern winds prevail. Annual Weather Averages Near Warsaw. Regions in Poland. Tourists also frequent the Bieszczady Mountains in the far southeast of Poland, whose highest point in Poland is Tarnica, with an elevation of 1,346 metres (4,416 ft), Gorce Mountains in Gorce National Park, whose highest point is Turbacz, with elevations 1,310 metres (4,298 ft), and the Pieniny National Park in the Pieniny Mountains, whose highest point is Trzy Korony with elevations of 982 metres (3,222 ft) (the highest mountain of this range, Wysokie Skałki (Wysoka), with elevations 1,050 metres (3,445 ft), is located outside of the national park). The European bison, or wisent, which once roamed widely across the continent but became extinct in the wild following World War I, once again roams the great Białowieża (Belarusian: Belovezhskaya) Forest in national parks on both sides of the Polish-Belarusian border, having been reintroduced by using zoo-bred animals. Maritime air moves across Western Europe, Arctic air sweeps down from the North Atlantic Ocean, and subtropical air arrives from the South Atlantic Ocean. Photograph by Smellme, Dreamstime Rapid industrialization following World War II in Poland, as well as in neighbouring Czech Republic, Slovakia, and eastern Germany, severely polluted many areas of the country. In eastern Poland there are a number of ancient woodlands, like Białowieża forest, that have never been cleared by people. The total is slightly higher in the southern uplands than in the central plains. In Europe, only Finland has a greater density of lakes. In addition, minority ethnic identity was not cultivated publicly until after the collapse of communism in 1989. Many animals that have since died out in other parts of Europe still survive in Poland, such as the wisent in the ancient woodland of the Białowieża Forest and in Podlaskie. Marked on the map above is the Bledow Desert that is located in southern Poland. The climate of the European Alps: Shift of very high resolution Köppen-Geiger climate zones 1800-2100 Abstract. Winters are usually very cold, but can be mild some years. Topographically, Poland is a diverse country; although most of the central terrain is flat, there is an abundance of lakes, rivers, hills, swamps, beaches, islands and forests elsewhere. The drainage effect on a large part of Polish terrain is weak, however, especially in the lake region and the inland areas to its south. Poland. Get the Poland weather forecast. Rain falls throughout the year. The richness of Polish forests (per SoEF 2011 statistics) is more than twice as high as the European average (with German and French forests being at the top), containing 2.304 billion cubic metres of trees. If you come from a warmer climate, make sure you have proper clothing. Post navigation. The situation has improved since 1989 due to decline in heavy industry and nonetheless remains serious because of sulfur dioxide emissions from It is located at a geographic crossroads that links the forested lands of northwestern Europe to the sea lanes of the Atlantic Ocean and the fertile plains of the Eurasian frontier. The Vistula Basin includes most of the eastern half of the country and is drained by a system of rivers that mainly join the Vistula from the east. Photograph by Smellme, Dreamstime Southern Poland Tourism: Tripadvisor has 1,287,491 reviews of Southern Poland Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Southern Poland resource. Holarctic elements (i.e., those pertaining to the temperate belt of the Northern Hemisphere) are dominant among the seed plants. The climate is cold and temperate. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. The coastline was shaped by the action of the rising sea after the Scandinavian ice sheet retreated. Poland Weather Map. Poland Climate map. The northern part of Poland has a more varied topography and features many lakes and hilly areas. Use our map of Poland to discover the country's greatest natural and cultural features. Poland, country of central Europe. Humid Atlantic air masses collide with dry continental masses over its territory making the weather in Poland capricious and changeable, and consequently difficult to predict. Poland's long-term and short-term weather patterns are made transitional and variable by the collision of diverse air masses above the country's surface. The last has a rather Sunny weather. Climate Zones of World Map; View Political World Map with countries boundaries of all independent nations as well as some dependent territories. Most rainfall in the Eastern regions of the country and South mountain areas. Poland's rivers have been used since early times for navigation. Poland’s climate is temperate with warm (sometimes very hot) summers, crisp, sunny autumns and cold winters.  Other notable rivers within the administrative borders are Warta at 808.2 km (502.2 mi), and the Oder at 742 km (461 mi). The significance of this event, and importance of it to Poland's future as a major industrialised nation, was alluded to by the 1945 Wedding to the Sea. The lake with the greatest depth—of more than 100 metres (328 ft)—is Lake Hańcza in the Wigry Lake District, east of Masuria in Podlaskie Voivodeship. The largest sea harbours are Szczecin, Świnoujście, Gdańsk, Gdynia, Police and Kołobrzeg. However, it was only in effect for only 14 months and 3 weeks before Poland was in partitions for over 100 years. The ancestors of today's Poles, the Polanie, built their first fortresses on islands in these lakes. Previous post: Poland Climate map. , The country extends 876 kilometers from north to south and 689 kilometers from east to west. Summer is the best time to visit Poland. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. The largest Polish Baltic island is Wolin. Sandbars with large dunes form lagoons and coastal lakes along much of the coast. Annual Weather Averages Near Warsaw. Rysy in the High Tatras; it stands at 2,499 m (8,199 ft) in elevation. Click the map and drag to move the map around. Among the first lakes whose shores were settled are those in the Greater Polish Lake District. There are many rivers throughout the country, the largest being the Vistula. Poland adopted its first written constitution in the spring of 1791, which was the 2nd in the world valid legal document of the kind. The predominance of swampland, level terrain, and small, shallow lakes hinders large-scale movement of water. Three more national parks are projected for Masuria, the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland, and the eastern Beskids. It has an exclusive economic zone of 30,533 square kilometres (11,789 sq mi) within the Baltic Sea.. The Baltic coast has two natural harbours, the larger situated in the Gdańsk-Gdynia region, and the smaller near Szczecin in the far northwest. Six seasons may be clearly distinguished: a snowy winter of one to three months; an early spring of one or two months, with alternating wintry and springlike conditions; a predominantly sunny spring; a warm summer with plenty of rain and sunshine; a sunny, warm autumn; and a foggy, humid period signifying the approach of winter. The Polish Jura Chain is one of the oldest mountain ranges on earth. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The second highest mountain group in Poland is the Beskids, whose highest peak is Babia Góra, at 1,725 metres (5,659 ft). The Baltic Sea activity in Słowiński National Park created sand dunes which in the course of time separated the bay from the sea. Poland has a moderate climate with both maritime and continental elements. Variation in diurnal temperature ranges from -10 degrees (night) to 0 degrees (during the day). The Poland Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 12 days. Ukrainians are scattered in various southwestern and northern districts. increased environmental concern by postcommunist governments; air pollution Conversely, there is a large Polish diaspora, notably in the United States. 5. Climate Poland has a moderate climate influenced by both maritime and continental elements. Climate Poland has a moderate climate influenced by both maritime and continental elements. For the most part, Poland has a smooth coastline, which has been shaped by the continual movement of sand by currents and winds. It has a total area of 32 square kilometres (12 sq mi). It usually consists of a conventional map overlaid with colors representing climate zones. Part two will deal with Ferrel and Polar cell climates & part 3 will deal with non-earthlike planets. 4. Poland's measured highest-point is Mt. Claim this business Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. Both processes shaped the Sudetes and the Carpathian Mountains. In winter, polar-continental air often becomes dominant, bringing crisp, frosty weather, with still colder Arctic air following in its wake. In December 2018, for the first time, the climate summit will take place in Katowice. Kashubians live west of Gdańsk near the Baltic Sea. The legendary Prince Popiel ruled from Kruszwica tower erected on the Lake Gopło.  Its overall percentage is still increasing. This is true even for the driest month. Poland - Poland - Climate: Varying types of air masses collide over Poland, influencing the character of both weather and climate. Poland's Bialowieza Forest is home to the world's largest population of wisent, or European bison. Wieliczka has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. The largest spits are Hel Peninsula and the Vistula Spit. The only desert located in Poland stretches over the Zagłębie Dąbrowskie (the Coal Fields of Dąbrowa) region. Situated in the southeast are communities of Roma (Gypsy), in Małopolskie województwo (province), and Ruthenians, in Podkarpackie province. Warm, dry, subtropical-continental air often brings pleasant days in late summer and autumn. The overall climate of Poland has a transitional—and highly variable—character between maritime and continental types. In our maps you can see different climates in the country. The average annual rainfall is 1017 mm. Throughout the decade the government implemented antipollution policies, such as closing the most damaging industrial plants.  The largest lakes, covering more than 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi), are Lake Śniardwy and Lake Mamry in Masuria, and Lake Łebsko and Lake Drawsko in Pomerania. Wide river valleys divide the lake region into three parts. Forests cover about 30.5% of Poland's land area based on international standards. To the south of the lowlands are the lesser Poland uplands, a belt varying in width from 90 to 200 kilometers, formed by the gently sloping foothills of the Sudeten and Carpathian mountain ranges and the uplands that connect the ranges in south-central Poland. The Vikings, for example, traveled up the Vistula and the Oder in their longships. A few areas, notably along the Vistula between Warsaw and the Baltic Sea and in the far northwest, average less than 500 mm (19.7 in). Marked by the Tatra (called Tatry locally) Mountains that form the country’s southern border with Slovakia, Southern Poland consists of three Viovodships (Provinces): Opole, Silesian and Lesser Poland (Malopolska). It lies in Eastern Europe, north of the Czech Republic and Slovakia and has a coastline upon the Baltic Sea. Download maps. In the northeast there are portions of the eastern European subtaiga, with spruce as a characteristic component. Our Climate map uses climate legends to show the parts of the country that has a specific climate. The third topographic area is located on either side of Poland's southern border and is formed by the Sudeten and Carpathian ranges. A climograph form several cities of the country that shows the annual (monthly) cycle of temperature and precipitation for a geographical location. Poland has a temperate climate that ranges from oceanic to continental with alpine climates on the mountains. Deer and wild pigs roam the woods; elk inhabit the coniferous forests of the northeast; and steppe rodents, such as the brindled gopher, live in the south. Poland lies in the zone of mixed forests, but in the southeast a fragment of the forest-steppe vegetation zone intrudes. The highest elevation in the Sudeten is Śnieżka (1,602 meters) in the Karkonosze Mountains. In the southeast, Ukrainian settlements predominated in the regions east of Chełm and in the Carpathian Mountains east of Nowy Sącz. Kraków (/ ˈ k r æ k aʊ,-k oʊ /, also US: / ˈ k r eɪ k-, ˈ k r ɑː k aʊ /, UK: / ˈ k r æ k ɒ f /, Polish: ()), written in English as Krakow and traditionally known as Cracow, is the second-largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.Situated on the Vistula River in Lesser Poland Province, the city dates back to the 7th century. 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Temperature, rain conditions, precipitation in the main Market square,,! & national weather Poland 's Bialowieza Forest is home to a significant minority of.., topography and features many lakes and low hills in the southeast, settlements. And in 2013, in Poznań and in the eastern regions of the Czech Republic and Slovakia has. Business EU climate goals ditched as Warsaw and Budapest dig in ethnic identity was cultivated... Up about half the precipitation in summer is twice of that in winter providing... Shores were settled are those in the world of people, precipitated massive migrations, and Armenians below learn.
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