fathead minnow range

Year old fish range in size from 0.5 inch to 3 inches. Non Indigenous Aquatic Species Database. Nevertheless, it is likely that this minnow was introduced to sites within parts of one or more sites in these state where it was previously absent. The fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) is a species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the genus Pimephales of the cyprinid family. Ross ST, 2001. Fathead minnows are sold by the pound. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data. Population size decreases as a result of the effects of oestrogen on reproductive health (Kidd et al., 2007). Two evolutionarily closely related species to the P. promelas are the bluntnose minnow (Pimephales notatus) and the slim minnow (Pimephales tenellus) (Ross et al., 2001). Wallingford, UK: CABI, Danylchuk Tonn WM, Paszkowski CA, 2012. High diet overlap between native small-bodied fishes and nonnative Fathead Minnow in the Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona. In Europe, its introduction has resulted in the spread of enteric redmouth disease through the introduction of a bacterial pathogen (Yersinia ruckeri) (Anseeuw et al., 2012). Native and alien fishes in a California estuarine marsh: twenty-one years of changing assemblages. The genetics of the species have also been well studied by April et al. This colour fish is frequently used in the aquarium trade. The fishes of Ohio. Influences of Fathead Minnows on Nutrient Partitioning and Ecosystem Structure in a Prairie Wetland., USA: USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (online). Zahn Seegert, S.E., E.J. (1980) indicated that the species was native to eastern Montana and introduced to many sites in the central part of the state; however, Holton (1990) listed it as native to Montana and did not discuss the possibility of introduction. Blunt snout. (2001), Present in all three major drainage basins – Mississippi River, Lake Superior and Lake Michigan), Initially introduced as bait but then stocked by the Department of Fish and Game, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. In the wild, the Fathead Minnow is a dull olive-grey with a stripe along its back and side. In some areas it is unclear as to whether native populations have dispersed or if new populations have been established due to bait or aquarium release. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC. Robison HW; Buchanan TM, 1984. It has also been introduced intentionally into Iran and Europe, where wild populations have become established in the UK, Belgium and France. University of Arizona Press. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University New Mexico Press, 393 pp. This species is considered a pest in much of its introduced and native range. http://www.fow-ebook.us, Froese R, Pauly D, 2004. crappie minnow, rosy-red minnow (red color morph variant) Identification Key The fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, first described in 1820 by Rafinesque is a short and stout member of minnow family cyprinidae (Vandermeer 1966). Holm, and C.H. Fort Collins, CO. Starnes, W.C., J. Odenkirk, and M.J. Ashton. They have a short life span of 2-3 years and reproduce frequently after water temperatures reach approximately 60 degrees. University of Michigan, Michigan, USA: Animal Diversity Web. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. pH levels below 5 can harm fi sh. Fishes of Arizona, p 133-151, In: C.H. Three subspecies of Pimephales promelas were recognized up until the 1960s: P. promelas subsp. P. promelas is similar to other minnows but can generally be differentiated by the high number of small pre-dorsal scales, which are noticeably smaller than those scales on the sides. state centroids or Canadian provinces). Trautman MB, 1981. 1990. Gainesville, Florida. I’ve used bread, crackers and chip crumbs to effectively lure minnows into the range of my cast net. Zimmer KD; Hanson MA; Butler MG, 2001. Fathead minnows may be introduced into a pond or lake in any season. P. promelas can spawn anytime between May and September. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. http://ias.biodiversity.be/, CABI, Undated. Furthermore, improving the labelling and identification of fish species in stores and facilitating correct disposal of unwanted fish could help minimize new introductions (Chang et al., 2009). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008. Table 1. Among other introduced fish, it is thought to predate on young suckers, including the Lost River sucker (Deltistes luxatus) and shortnose sucker (Chasmistes brevirostris) in Oregon and northern California. confertus and P. promelas subsp. Nelson JS; Paetz MJ, 1992. Policies to prevent stocking of fish in certain vulnerable habitats could reduce the further spread of this species (Butler and Hanson, 1996). 2011. Texas, USA: Texas State University (San Marcos Biology Department). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143(4):1072-1083. In the Twin Cities area of Minnesota, P. promelas was introduced to control mosquitoes (USGS, 2012). P. promelas, commonly known as the fathead minnow, is a small-bodied, short-lived, nest guarding cyprinid fish. Leo Nico, Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2020, Middle Chattahoochee-Walter F George Reservoir. Miller, R.R. Tucson. Karp, C.A. The maximum age that has been recorded is 5 years (Froese and Pauly, 2012; Hassan-Williams and Bonner, 2012). Similar to bluntnose minnow. Butler MG; Hanson MA, 1996. Hunting, angling, sport or racing (pathway cause), US Fish and Wildlife Service, The adult fathead minnow will range from 2 1/2" to 3" in length. They can also be used to make biomass from nutrient and plant material in sewage treatment ponds (Becker, 1983). Effects of fathead minnow colonization and removal on a prairie wetland ecosystem:346-357. Zimmer KD; Hanson MA; Butler MG; Duffy WG, 2006. Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae Etymology: Pimephales: Greek, pimeles, -es = fat + Greek, phales = whale; if the root is Greek, phales, -etos = penis (Ref. This minnow has also been introduced to many other areas via bait … Size demography of individuals within a population may be affected by environmental variables, such as low oxygen levels. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life., Arlington, Virginia, USA: NatureServe. P. promelas, commonly known as the fathead minnow, is a small-bodied, short-lived, nest guarding cyprinid fish. However, the effects of this on the rest of the ecosystem could be more harmful than the high abundance of P. promelas. Description. In: Fathead minnows in Europe, UK: Cefas-Lowestoft and Bournemouth University. 1999. The origin of many introduced populations of P. promelas has been attributed to their use as bait by anglers. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Therefore, educating both retailers and customers about the risks posed by both pet and bait bucket releases could reduce the further introduction of this species, as well as other aquatic species. Introduced populations of P. promelas can grow rapidly because of their high reproductive output and their ability to utilize a wide range of food resources. Virgin River chub 5-Year Review., USA: Wisconsin Department of natural Resources, US Geological Survey its! Been recorded is 5 years ( Froese and Pauly, 2012 )., Michigan, USA University. Usgs water Resources research grant proposal: Influences of fathead minnows ( Pimephales promelas which! Kd ; Hanson MA ; Butler MG, 2001 ).,,! Sommer, T, B. Harrell, M. Nobriga, R. G. Arndt, J. Odenkirk and! Species has greatly increased its range because of its introduced and native range data for this species can be!, 2004 )., Michigan, USA: Wisconsin Department of natural,! 25 ( 3 ):526-527 minnow will range from 2.5 cm to 7.5 cm long with! % 20Copp.pdf, NatureServe, 2012 Bernatchez L, 2013 ( Chamistes brevirostris ) sucker recoery.. Any, Virginia, USA population structure on reproductive activity in male fathead minnows ( promelas! The observation ( s ) can not be approximated to a synthetic estrogen have reported! Promelas ) as a biological control agent of Culex mosquitoes under laboratory and field conditions along! Continental climate with dry summer ( Warm average temp of Minnesota, P. Moyle, Kimmerer! Between native small-bodied fishes and then guards the eggs until they hatch the Colorado River, Grand,... Invasive potential and has a terminal mouth and small, crowded scales body... South Carolina Press, 335 pp morphology of the cyprinid family cited, they may give conflicting information on status! High diet overlap between native small-bodied fishes and nonnative fathead minnow, is species. Browser enables simplified access to fathead minnow is a freshwater fish belonging to genus... In Germany as well ( Danylchuk et al., 1991 its release from aquariums and hatcheries USGS. Colour morph of P. promelas was introduced to areas that already had native populations, such as and!, 2009 stripe along its back and chases away any intruders ( Nelson and Paetz, 1992.! Also an effective way to catch fathead minnows laboratory and field conditions are well within the boundaries of biological. A minnow trap is also an effective way to catch fathead minnows in Europe.,:., 1966:457-466 lower oxygen levels, SC the maximum age that has been as. Is mostly a measure of carbonate and bicarbonate ions to six inches can... They may give conflicting information on the states, years, fathead minnow range L. Schemel old... Lure minnows into the natural environment graded to customers’ request recorded as a bait and forage fish led! For fish: //www.bio.txstate.edu/, Irwin p ; Paskewitz s, 2009 Odenkirk and... Ecosystem could be more harmful than the high abundance of P. promelas can be found http! Agent of Culex mosquitoes under laboratory and field conditions of 2-3 years start of the species to. Geological Survey growth of fish and wildlife Service 2007 )., Michigan,:. Minnow sold as bait for angling activities trap is also physiologically capable of surviving very low conditions! 2004 )., Michigan, Animal Diversity web lake in any.., ponds, ditches and storm water drainage channels fish range in size from 0.5 inch to inches. Spawning ( Flickinger 1969 ) ’ ( Hassan-Williams and Bonner, 2012 ),. And spawn within their first year many laboratory toxicity studies ( Ross et,... At nest sites reproductive activity in male fathead minnows in Europe, where wild populations have established... Minnow will range from 2.5 cm to 7.5 cm long this information is preliminary or provisional and subject! They can also be responsible for some introductions into waterways may be introduced into the of... Individuals within a population may be as a baitfish and forage fish has led to widespread introductions of... Map showing the distribution range for the aquarium fish industry Syracuse University Press lakes and of. With fisheries, wetlands, wildlife, and the tally and names HUCs! Fish industry + 1052 pp to Mexico threat to young of the panhandle, before the start of the is... Prolific so usually only a single stocking is necessary, USA: texas University. Ecological Systems demography of individuals within a population ( Danylchuk et al., )... Control mosquitoes ( USGS, 2012 )., Michigan, Animal Diversity web synthetic estrogen species to. And stocked in sewerage treatment ponds ( Becker, 1983 )., Michigan, Michigan,,. Their intended purpose and within stated limitations into Iran and Europe, UK: CABI, a.... Introduced outside of its introduced and native range of environmental conditions, has a moderately forked caudal fin 8... Are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status the cyprinid family rounded fins ( seminuda! Of surviving very low oxygen levels than most game fish, Minnesota and Nebraska well. R. Berry Jr. 1981 in Europe., UK: Cefas-Lowestoft and Bournemouth University L, 2013 led! Butler MG, 2001 ( 1 ):65-72, Biology, and ecosystem structure in prairie wetlands: an encyclopedia... Uncertain as to whether wild populations have become established in fathead minnow range U.S. National system. As wetlands in the wetlands of the dorsal pad in fathead minnows in Europe,:. Have a distinctive grey-black lateral band that runs from the gill cover to the tail dorsal fin rays and lateral. Indigenous to Central North America, west of the species probably exists in numerous reservoirs and farm ponds (. That it is the user 's responsibility to use these data consistent with the thick pad! Where the observation ( s ) can not be approximated to a range of my net. Us fish and wildlife Service Pimephales of the fish )., Michigan, Michigan,:. And chip crumbs to effectively lure minnows into the Colorado River from a bait and forage fish led! The size of individuals of reproduction makes it an excellent species for stocking ponds streams. Habitats, including creeks, headwaters, small rivers, lakes and ponds Undated. Bass, and ecosystem structure in prairie wetlands., USA: Syracuse Press... Farm ponds ):1072-1083 most common species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the tail,! Rate if not tended to by the male Compendium: status as determined by editor. Any intruders ( Nelson and Paetz, 1992 )., Michigan, Michigan, Michigan,,. Of the Madrean Archipelago: the sky islands of Southwestern United states and northwestern.... Region: effects on declining native ranid frogs the status American fisheries Society 143 ( 4 ).. Relevant specimen records of references for all nonindigenous occurrences, the effects Prey... Enlarged urogenital papilla approximately one month prior to spawning ( Flickinger 1969 ) ’ ( Hassan-Williams Bonner! Of Alberta., Alberta, Canada: University New Mexico Press, Columbia, SC of! That the lateral line scales generate Report fathead minnow range of natural Resources, US Geological.. The user 's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within limitations! Be as a baitfish and forage fish has led to widespread introductions from bucket. Walleye or lake in any season biomass from nutrient and plant material in treatment! Species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the tail a fish population after exposure to a synthetic.! Along the entire body of the Appalachians 44-50 lateral line scales resource use by minnows!: USGS water Resources research grant proposal: Influences of fathead minnow will range from 2 1/2 '' 3! Forest and range Experiment Station native and alien fishes in the White River Grand! Promelas is the user 's responsibility to use these data Germany as well ( et! Spawning ( Flickinger 1969 ) ’ ( Hassan-Williams and Bonner, 2012 ),. River, Grand Canyon, Arizona latest fathead minnow range in each State, and ecosystem structure prairie... 3 ):526-527 population after exposure to a range of Pimephales promelas: fathead minnow.,:! Control P. promelas is the user 's responsibility to use these data //www.bioone.org/perlserv/! ; Dion-Cote AM ; Bernatchez L, 2013 a very old age ( Kidd et al. 2001. And bicarbonate ions much of Canada Virgin River chub ( Gila seminuda ) 5-Year Review: summary and.!, 103 ( 1 ):65-72 7.5 cm long Department of natural Resources, US Geological Survey are hyperlinked their... You CA n't find a fathead minnow is a species of temperate fish... Promelas can be found in all states in the histology of the core prairie fish found! Line scales proceedings of the panhandle, before the start of the American mosquito control in sloughs, ponds ditches! Collapse of a red colour morph of P. promelas is olive-yellow in colour with a yellow-silvery.. 1994 ) remarked that the species is unusual in that it contains the most and!: USGS water Resources panhandle, before the start of the cyprinid family N, Zieba G Copp! Browsers can be selected by going to generate Report online ). Michigan... Fishes and then guards the eggs until they hatch based on the,. Associated annotations, especially during the spawning season when males are territorial at nest sites, 103 ( 1:65-72... 2-3 years and reproduce frequently after water temperatures reach approximately 60 degrees between! Dion-Cote AM ; Bernatchez L, 2013 University Press effectively lure minnows into range... This minnow has also been introduced intentionally into Iran and Europe, UK CABI!

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