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Indus Valley Sites Harappa. Harappan Civilization. • Among the explored Harappan sites of the Saraswati—Drishadvati valley, Rakhigarhi seems to be the largest. The excavation team was led by Daya Ram Sahni. Harappan Sites (i) Manda/ Akhnoor In Akhnoor district, J&K on the bank of Chenab. Kot Dijian (Early Harappan) phase Circa 2800-2600 BC Harappan Phase Circa 2600-1900 BC Transitional Phase Circa 1900-1800 BC Late Harappan Phase Circa 1800-1300 BC Important Findings . Polychrome pottery have also been found, though very rare. Harappa was a gateway city and a meeting point of several routes. Which metal was not known to the Harappan people? Harappa was the first site of the civilization to be excavated in 1921. 2. Period 2: Kot Diji Phase (Early Harappan, incipient urbanization, ca 25 hectares), 2800–2600 BCE; Period 1: pre-Harappan Ravi aspect of the Hakra phase, 3800–2800 BCE; The earliest Indus phase occupation at Harappa is called the Ravi aspect, when people first lived at least as early as 3800 BCE. A. The Early Harappan Phase is related to the Hakra Phase, identified in the Ghaggar-Hakra River Valley. Note : Traces of camel found in Kalibangal. Mature Harappan stage : Great cities emerged. The material … Several periodisations are employed for the periodisation of the Indus Valley Civilisation. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a bronze-age civilization. Different Harappan sites and their significance. In this era. Harappan civilization is one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. The mature Harappan phase from 2600 BC to 1900 BC. 6. sites of Amri and Kot Diji remain the evidence for early-Harappan stage; mature-Harappan stage, great cities emerged excavations at Kalibangan with its elaborate town planning and urban features prove this phase of evolution. Questions on Ancient History in 2020 Prelims – With reference to the period of the Gupta dynasty in ancient India, the towns Ghantasala, Kadura, and Chaul were well known as Of these, early and post-urban Harappan sites account for over half the total number. Located in Khadir Beyt, Rann of Kutch, Gujarat. In this phase, houses were of mud-brick. Some of the designs such as fish scales, pipal leaves, and intersecting circles have their roots in the early Harappan phase. Post-Urban Phase. The village also has havelis that are a couple of hundred years old. Early Harappan Sites :- This geographical space would roughly cover the areas of modern-day Rajasthan, Punjab, Gujarat, Pakistan and some of the surrounding areas. Download Indus Valley Civilization notes PDF. THE INDUS or the Harappan culture is older than the chalcolithic cultures which have been treated earlier, but it is far more developed than these cultures. Artefacts of Kushana period:- Pottery, terracotta figurines, bone arrow heads, iron daggers… The Early Harappan Phase from 3300 to 2600 BCE. There were popular trade networks which linked this culture to the regional culture. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives & lifestyles of our ancestors. While the Indus Valley Civilisation was divided into Early, Mature and Late Harappan by archaeologists like Mortimer Wheeler, newer periodisations include the Neolithic early farming settlements, and use a Stage-Phase model, often combining terminology from various systems. The important findings at the site include pottery, ornaments, copper axes, chert blades, terracotta blades, one inscribed steatite seal with typical Indus pictographs, several burials interred in oval pits and a rectangular mud brick chamber. In this article, we will be dealing with the important points filtered out from NCERT school text for Standard 6 History. Pottery, copper and bronze fragments were also recovered. The site is located in the Sarasvati river plain, some 27 km from the seasonal Ghaggar river. Known as Harappan Civilisation, it existed between 3300 BC to 1900 BC. D. Banwali. Previous Year Prelims Exam Questions on Ancient Indian History. Name. It describes the main sites of Harappan Civilization as well as the material remains which characterised these sites. It was believed to be a hub of art and culture and architecture. 3. Ropar is a Harappan site from where remains of pre-Harappan and Harappan cultures have been found, Buildings at Ropar were made mainly of stone and soil. The present year is 2007 according to this dating system. The early Harappan phase from 3300 BC to 2600 BC. C. Silver. ; It is called Harappan because this civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. In May 2012, the Global Heritage Fund, declared Rakhigarhi one of the 10 most endangered heritage sites in Asia. 2. The Lothal site was excavated by S R Rao in 1957. B. BRW, red ware and grey ware. Mature Harappan settlements number 1022. 2. • The structures are outlined by two or three courses of mud brick with post-holes at intervals. Copper. The transition from Early harappan to Mature harappan is best seen at Amri where at the beginning of the 3rd Millenium BC a distinctive culture complex to the south east of baluchistan appeared. 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