medicinal plants in ghana pdf

Parasitol., 121, 144-150. Drake, three species of Asteraceae family are widely used in traditional medicine of Burkina Faso. The moisture contents of the skin before application and after 30 min and 3, 5 and 7 h post-application of the formulations were measured in human volunteers using Corneometer. Roots were the most commonly harvested part and this has greatly affected the regeneration of medicinal plants. Mostof the herbal medicines were You can browse alphabetically by common names, to find information on a popular herb like ginger, or find it listed by its botanical name, Zingiber officinale. [4] C. Ohrt et al., Antimicrob. preparation of these products (all together .%), products were administered orally, nasally, or applied on the, or until the patient recovers. This will scientifically confirm the use of this plant in the management of asthma. Methods: The medicinal plants used against TB or its signs and symptoms were selected using library and online published data searches. Medical provision in Africa—P. It is claimed to be used by traditional practitioners in Northwestern Nigerian for the management of mental illnesses. americanum Linnæus, Hyptis spicigera Lamarck, Lippia multiflora Moldenk, Ageratum conyzoides Linnæus, Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnhardt and Zingiber officinale Roscoe of Burkina Faso. They are not easily accessible to the public. activities of this plant. It is expected that the fruit juice of Morinda citrifolia will cause an increase in the pre-convulsion time or convulsions will not occur in the guinea pigs who will be pretreated with it, antagonistic effects on the trachea chains and ileum and also anti-inflammatory effect in the rats. (multi-drug resistant) strains of P. falciparum were analyzed using the SYBR Green 1-based fluorescence assay [2, 3], and the interactions between various extract pairs analyzed using a fixed-ratio drug combination approach [4]. rather over 60% of the population in Ghana largely depend on medicinal plants for their health needs. , pp. trypanosomal infections in both humans and animals. A guided questionnaire interview approach was used: during the interviews conducted in both English and Twi, a, of plant materials used, the methods of preparation, the local, one had to be a (a) TMP practicing in Ghana, potentially, some level of knowledge on products used in treating such, patients or (b) registered member of GHAFTRAM willing to, and all participants duly signed informed consen, using Internet search engines (such as goog, journal databases such as Medline, Embase, Scopus, and, lyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version, were males and .% were females. Though not intentional, plant parts not used for medicinal purposes are sometimes destroyed in the process of harvesting. Overview 2 2.2. The highest numbers of species were from Families Lamiaceae (13) and Asteraceae (11). Simulations using harvested and unharvested populations yielded significantly different estimates of maximum sustainable harvest limits, indicating that methods for calculating maximum harvest limits that assume linear responses to harvest may lead to erroneous conclusions. attention has been paid to diseases such as schizophrenia, continents [–]. Physiological, biochemical and hematological parameters were analysed to determine its effects on the liver, kidney, lipid profile, nitrogen balance, glycemic levels and the hematological systems. The essential oils were extracted by hydrodistillation using a Clevenger-type apparatus adapted and analyzed by GC/MS and GC/FID. The experimental formulations included a homosalate (8%) lotion reference, lotions with 2, 4 and 8% of grinded saffron, and the control lotion base without saffron. [3] S. Izumiyama et al. isolated and used as medicines, either alone or in combination. The primary phytochemical tests allowed identifying the presence of secondary metabolites in the extracts. The objective of this study therefore was to determine whether the active ingredient of safflower, Several hundred genera are used in herbal remedies and in traditional or folklore medicines throughout the world. Overall, .% of the, 3.4. Plant Res., 2 (3):372-380. Most of the herbalists did not keep records on the diseases treated and the plants used. is would enable the industrial-, strengthening academia-industry collaborative research and, better provision of research funding and infrastructure [, , e identied natural products used in Ghanaian commu-, the management of mental and neurological disorders. 1812 adults enrolled for care in the neurology out-patient service between 2011 and 2013. An evaluation of local community participation in forest resources conservation in some selected districts of Ghana, Effects of Variation on Harvest Limits for Nontimber Forest Species in Mexico, Diversity and conservation of medicinal plants in the Bomaa community of the Brong Ahafo region, Ghana, Quality and Harvesting Specifications of Some Medicinal Plant Parts Set Up By Some Herbalists in the Eastern Region of Ghana, Ethnobotanical Study of Some Ghanaian Anti-Malarial Plants. Thus, in contrast to Western medicine, which is based on the biomedical model, traditional African medicine takes a holistic approach: disease, good health, success or failure, are believed to be the products of the actions of individuals and ancestral spirits according to the balance or imbalance between the individual and the social environment. The IC50 value of Molucidin, ML-2-3 and ML-F52 were 1.27 μM, 3.75 μM and 0.43 μM, respectively. –, . Background , vol. Saffron can be used as a natural UV absorbing agent. Box LG 55 Legon, Ghana. The most encountered medicinal plant families were Asteraceae and Lamiaceae. This article contains data on in vitro antimycobacterial activity and cytotoxicity of hydroethanolic crude extracts from five selected medicinal plant species traditionally used to treat tuberculosis in Ghanaian ethnomedicine, see “Medicinal plants used to treat TB in Ghana” [1]. The extract had no significant effect on the number of open arm entries nor the time spent in the open arms as compared to the control group in both the plus maze and the zero maze. Ficus ingens (Miquel) Miquel belongs to the Moraceae family. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the cola plant is one of the foremost edibles grown in Ghana. induction in bloodstream form of Trypanosoma parasites. Does Saffron Have Antisolar and Moisturizing Effects? GHAFTRAM has members from all parts, in herbal medicine which complements university training, with hands-on internships at a herbal medicine research, centre as well as herbal and allopathic practitioners has been, herbal clinics established within public hospitals to wo, e foregoing measures emphasize that TAMs continue, to play a signicant role in the treatment of various d. ders including those of CNS/PNS origin [–]. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in skin moisture saffron lotions and the control lotion without saffron during the 7 h post-application period. Contents FOREWORD 1. C. citratus has presented the best ability to scavenge DPPH . References: [1] P. Arrey Tarkang et al. Harvesting of such species should be regulated by the forestry commission of Ghana. there have been no studies focusing primarily on the doc-, umentation of traditional methods of treating mental and, potential, CNS properties, and the safety, to address this knowledge gap by using a guided survey to, rological disorders in Ghana based on traditional knowl, pharmacological relevance of these medicinal. The commonest primary neurological disorders seen were strokes, epilepsy and seizure disorders, and movement disorders at frequencies of 57.1%, 19.8%, and 8.2% respectively. A number of medicinal plants have been used by traditional healers in the management of many ailments for many years, ... Habitat of this plant is wide areas of Iran such as the high lands of western, northwestern, central and south areas (Rechinger, 1982). (2012) J .Nat. The most commonly harvested plant parts were leaves (88.1%) and roots (23.9%). diseases, as they found such patients quite dicult to manage. Eight plant species namely, Afraegle paniculata (Rutaceae), Haematostaphis barteri (Anacardiaceae), Indigo era pulchra (Leguminosae), Monanthotaxis sp. & Hohen is one of the medicinal herbs native of Iran. The bark, leaves and fruit of the tree are used as medicinal herbs for a range of ailments, from syphilis to leprosy to rheumatism. e long history of TAMs usage in African s, benecial, at present, this should be approached with caution, due to the inadequacy of studies exploring, and safety. chotic experiences in kenyan children and adolescents, neurological impairments associated with neglec. To enhance their effectiveness, medicinal plants are used in combinations to treat various ailments and the extent of knowledge of medicinal plant mixing determines the success of a traditional healer. Nchanwu is a perennial plant that is common in Asia and Africa. Transmission of knowledge to trainees was mainly informal. SUMMARY 1 2.INTRODUCTION 2 2.1. Indices on Fidelity Level (FL), Use Value (UV) and Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC) were calculated. These diseases are concentrated in rural areas, conflict zones and urban slums in Africa and other tropical areas. This study aimed at evaluating its safety. Materials and methods The sampling area The choice of the sampling site was an important factor in this study. essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum L. (Labiatae) in mice, ties of aqu eous leaves extra ct of Ocimum Grati ssimum (Labiate). e TMPs mostly used patient, feedback and disappearance of symptoms to assess treatment, Recent discoveries and clinical usage of the anticancer agent, taxol and the antimalarial artemisinin derived f, widely accepted in African communities and there appears, of diseases, but they are also used as complements to other, medicines or as dietary supplements []. It is often used in Cameroon traditional medicine as an antimalarial. Pharmacology, School of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester LE1 9BH, UK, Midlands Integrative Biosciences Training Partnership, Department of Plant and Environmental Biology. This study has shown the efficacy of both plants as alternative herbal treatments. , pp. Results On the other hand. (1979) J. Ghanaian Medicinal Plants Abstract Objective: Malaria is a major public health problem in Ghana and many indigenes, especially those in rural areas, resort to the use of medicinal plants to treat the disease. In order to appropriately address these burdens, we recommend the development of policy interventions that focus on the following areas: (i) the introduction of training programs to develop the capacity of scientists and clinicians in research, diagnostic and treatment approaches (ii) the establishment of competitive research grant schemes to fund cutting-edge research into these neurological impairments, and (iii) the development of public health interventions to improve public awareness of the NTD-associated neurological problems, possibly enhancing disease prevention and expediting treatment. The lotions containing saffron were prepared like homosalate lotion reference according to FDA. Background: The in-depth traditional knowledge of medicinal plants is at risk of extinction due to the dependency on oral transmission, and as such, there is an urgent need to document such knowledge. Key informants were supportive of the initiative. , no. Because of low socio-economic empowerment, traditional beliefs and cultural barriers, the suffering people resort to use of herbal remedies in search of cure especially for rural women who rarely discuss/disclose diseases affecting secretive body parts. Our study showed that medicinal plants continue to play an important role in the primary healthcare system for the local population of the Tizi n’Test region and represents a useful documentation, which can contribute to preserving knowledge on the use of medicinal plants for diabetes treatment and to explore the phytochemical and pharmacological potential of medicinal plant. More than 250 indigenous trees and plants with healing properties have been scientifically catalogued in Ghana. Parasitol., 65, 418-420. These results suggest that the extract contains biologically active principles that are sedative in nature and may be responsible for the ethno medicinal use of the plant in mental illnesses. Consequently, scanty literature exists on the medicinal uses of many plants in the forests of Ghana. & Hohen grown under similar condition International Journal of Biosciences | IJB |, Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal Plants Used for the Treatment of Diabetes in the Tizi n’ Test Region (Taroudant Province, Morocco), Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the traditional treatment of diabetes in Chtouka Ait Baha and Tiznit (Western Anti-Atlas), Morocco, Extraction of water and alcohol Rashad (Cresson) and study its effectiveness against bacteria and tumors, and as a treatment for various skin diseases. A total of 65 metabolites were characterized including O-flavonoids, C-flavonoids, cyanogenic glycosides and fatty acids. A, means to rene, extend, and enhance the benecial, hand, it is possible that components of the dierent plant, extracts used in combination may produce positive inter-, actions leading to complementarity in obser, eects that are more eective than single components admin-, istered at equal doses. medicinal plants and new therapeutic use claims for 34 medicinal plants used in Ghana and widely within Africa are documented for the first time. Conclusions: Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Medicinal plants constitute an extremely important resource for the development of the global pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and fragrance industry. exclusive presence of cyanogenic glycosides in its butanol fraction. Nonetheless, there are concerns about, to address these concerns while enhancing the therapeu-, herbal medicine practice and also integrate T, mainstream healthcare system. indica fruit extract on cognitive decits in mice, pressant and anxiolytic properties of the methanolic extract of, Momordica charantia Linn (Cucurbitaceae) and its mechanism, of ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) essential oil and its. Such compounds act at multiple targets in the inflammatory response pathways and regulate multitude of chemical mediators, enzymes, genes or cellular functions to alleviate inflammation. In addition, the CNS/PNS diseas, in Africa is exacerbated by the numerous but understudied, neurological impairments associated with common tropical, diseases such as the neglected tropical diseas, takes pride in the longstanding cultural use of traditional, and alternative medicines (TAMs), as exhibited by the s, published works on the ethnobotanical use of TAMs in, the country [–]. The results showed that the most content of essential oil and the highest mean of the most morphological traits were belonged to Azarbayejangharbi-I, IV and Tehran populations. sent, Ethical Approval, and Data Collection. , pp. The most common growth form harvested were herbs (47.8%) and most of the medicinal plants used were wild species (67.2%). Plants and plant-derived food products have been used for medicinal purposes since the ancient. sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ghana centred on a broad approach involving development of medicinal plant gardens at the two Botanic Gardens (Aburi and ACcra). The species used for the isolation of active ingredients may be indigenous species growing wild or cultivated, or hybrids or other cultivated varieties that have been bred for a particular characteristic. The most commonly harvested plant parts were leaves (40.3 %). C. citratus and citral induce anoikis and prevent cell migration as cisplatin. The derived EC50 values were as follows (3D7/Dd2): MiB-65.33/34.58, MiL-82.56/40.04, Pg-47.02/25.79, Cp-1188/317.5, Cc-723.3/141, Cs-184.4/105.1, Og-778.5/118.9, Nefang-96.96/55.08 (μg/ml), and the best extract pairs gave EC50 ratios (and CI) of: MiB/Pg-6.07/4.53 (CI=0.351), MiL/Pg-7.18/4.62 (0.358), MiB/Cs-6.34/19.25 (0.366), MiL/Cs-9.63/25.27 (0.482), Pg/Cs-6.22/25.36 (0.483), Cs/Og-21.78/24.64 (0.414) when combined at equipotency ratios, indicating apparent synergism and/or additive interactions between the different extracts[5]. The 4% saffron lotion showed an SPF value equivalent to the 8% homosalate lotion reference by an in vitro method. Thus, the planting of diverse population in the equal environmental conditions will reduce the environmental impacts on incidence of vegetative traits, also better reveals the diversity of genetical differences between populations. Acknowledgement: Thanks go to Institut Pasteur, Korea for the internship/training course in Biosafety and Drug Discovery. These were used to treat a variety of diseases. The antioxidant activity of E. alba extract presented the best scavenging activity of DPPH radical (IC50 of 3.1 ± 0.07 µg/ mL) and the best activity of ferric ion reduction of (0.99 ± 0.01 mmol AAE/g). 2Faculty of Agriculture Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana. In book: Genetic resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement: Medicinal plants (pp.221-246), Publisher: CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group. The interpretation and discussion of these data and further extensive insights into drug discovery against tuberculosis from natural products of plant biodiversity can be found in “Antimycobacterial and cytotoxic activity of selected medicinal plant extracts” [2]. This practice, coupled with over harvesting, threatens the continued existence of these plants. In vitro Antioxidant and Anti-staphylococcal Activity of Bixa orellana Linn. Parasitol., 121, 144-150. Recently, safflower has attracted interest because of its ability to control fine wrinkle formation on the neck. C. citratus and citral also lead repression of Rb, activation of p21 and P27 of cycle. –, . -, pp. The plants: Persea americana Mill. Most plant species had either analgesic (50%), anxiolytic (18.8%), or anticonvulsant (15.6%) properties. All rights reserved. to the anxiolytic-like eect of essential oil from Cymbopogon, [] M. R. Silva, R. M. Ximenes, J. G. M. d. , no. Multivariate data analysis (PCA) was further applied to identify metabolite markers for active fractions and reveal the enrichment of C-glycoside type flavonoids in chloroform/ethyl acetate fractions versus the Ethnopharmacological Studies of Plants with Anagelsic Properties. [3] S. Izumiyama et al. A library search was carried out on medicinal plant species used in traditional medicine to treat TB. However, Milicia excelsainhibited more organisms at lower concentrations (≤25mg/ml). Policies and protocols outlining the definition, process and goals of integration were lacking, with respondents sharing different views about the purpose and value of integration of herbal medicine within public health facilities. Different parts of the plants like roots, stem, bark, leaves, flowers and seeds contain active compounds with potential anti-inflammatory properties. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Whilst biomedical health workers perceived the system to be parallel than integrated, health personnel providing herbal medicine perceived the system as integrated. Agents Chemotherap., 2002, 2518-2524. were all used in the. Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science and Technology, BEHAVIOURAL STUDIES ON THE METHANOLIC STEM BARK EXTRACT OF FICUS INGENS (MIQUEL) MIQUEL (MORACEAE) IN MICE, Morpho-physiological variation and essential oil content of Iranian populations in Thymus kotschyanus Boiss. The most consumed of thymus is as medicine, food flavoring and herbal tea in Iran. Systemic acute oral toxicity was assessed in Swiss albino mice, while sub-acute toxicity was studied in wistar rats at doses of 250, 500 and 1000 mgkg-1 body weight. The results revealed that the extract significantly (P<0.0005) prolonged the duration of diazepam-induced sleep without any effect on the latency to sleep at all the doses tested. Many, has potent antipsychotic properties. In this study, an ethnobotanical description of plant species used in treating mental and neurological disorders in Ghana and an update of their experimentally validated pharmacological relevance are provided. In this study, we identified three novel tetracyclic iridoids, Molucidin, ML-2-3 and ML-F52 from the CHCl3 fraction of M. lucida leaves, possessing activity against the GUTat 3.1 strain of T. b. brucei. [5] T. Chou (2006) Pharmacol. Nefang showed no significant cytotoxic effects (CC50>2000 μg/mL). inammatory eects of Mangifera indica L. extract (Vimang). Z. officinale has submitted the best lipoxygenase inhibition (100% inhibition at 8mg/ml and 50.9% at 0.4 mg / ml). The study was conducted at the neurology clinic of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana. 2008). with the others having anxiolytic (.%), sedative (.%), however, has been previously reported to have antipsycho, F : Plant families comm, administered as monopreparations (prepared using a single, stem barks, whole plant of shrubs, etc. Although the majority of medicinal plants, derived from the forests, some species are also obta, The government of Ghana, like those of ma, the center, located at Mampong–Akuapim in t, nal plant use in the country through the inclusion, beyond the boundaries of their respective communities due to the inability to raise adequate capital, to increase production and transport them to other parts of the. However, ethnopharmacological characterization of traditional medicines used to treat these diseases is lacking. The study was conducted in eight communities in southern Ghana. Search form. Based on the qualitative traits, populations were classified in five main groups. Passiflora edulis Sims F. flavicarpa along with several other plants belonging to the genus Passiflora have been reported as sedatives and for treatment or prevention of central disorders. For example, the Ghana, restructure, and regulate the traditional medical industry in, the country []. Such studies may help in the, and purication of the bioactive compounds, conrm the, ing the study and the herbal practitioners who spent time, participating in the study. Traditional medicine is an important component of the health care system of most developing countries. Traditionally, rural African communities have relied mainly on the invaluable spiritual and practical skills of traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs) for their healthcare. This study provides the first report specifically on medicinal plants used in treating mental and neurological disorders in Ghana. They also used it as a remedy for sore throat, pneumonia and lack of appetite. This comprised of 882 males and 930 females (male: female ratio of 1.0: 1.1) with an overall median age of 54 (IQR, 39-69) years. Two hundred herbalists agreed to participate but sixty-six specialized in treating mental and neurological disorders were interviewed on their traditional medical practice. their experimentally validated pharmacological relevance are provided. This chapter summarizes an overview of the common medicinal plants used by herbal practitioners in Ghana, their uses as well as conservation. Prod. Oral administration of Nefang significantly (p<0.05) lowered the glucose levels. could be used in the form of an extract to reduce wrinkle formation in individuals aged 30 to 59 years. Zuidam Uithof, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 32 pp. -, . It did not significantly alter the time taken to complete task and the number of foot slips in the beam walking assay. Uses of wild and cultivated Plants Intermediate Technology Publication and the Royal Botanical Garden. Traditionally, information on the diversity and uses of medicinal plants in Ghana is only made known through ethnobotanical studies by some individual researchers. See color insert.) Ethnopharmacological Relevance . In a traditional medication system, medicinal plants have been applied as both neuro-therapeutic purposes and micro-macro nutrients provider for the wellbeing of psychological states e.g. Active participation in the research process enabled local harvesters to accept as valid the harvest limits determined in this study, to switch to using a more sustainable harvest regime, and to pass a local law prohibiting the destruction of their remaining primary forest because of its potential as A. magdalenae habitat. In assessing, disorders in an adult neurology clinic in Ghana, clinicians, the frequency was found to be relatively low []. The lack of a regulatory policy and protocol for the integration seemed to have led to the different perception of the integration. Total phenol content was 1.039mg/g and 1.032mg/g while total flavonoid content was 0.76mg/g and 0.5mg/g for Milicia excelsaand BixaOrellanarespectively. [5] T. Chou (2006) Pharmacol. Tamale, Ghana. Repeated dose toxicity produced no observed adverse effects on the organ-system profiles. From the literature assessment, we have found that nutritional neuroscience is becoming an advanced research discipline and there has been a growing pile of evidence concerning the therapeutic use of plant-based functional foods and/or plant-derived food compounds for the management of neurologic health, evolving with promising impact over the time. Mai, Thailand. Elaeis guineensis (fruit). The extract of E. alba showed the best inhibitory activity of Acetylcholinesterase, enzyme involved in Alzheimer's disease with a inhibition percentage of 23.44 ± 0.96% and also the best value for the inhibition of Lipoxygenase (42.76 ± 2.45 %) at a concentration of 100µg/mL. Top 65 Most Commonly Used Herbs; All-Heal, Prunella vulgaris L. Aloe Vera … The promotion and the associated challenges of medicinal plants in Ghana have also been discussed. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Full Length Research Paper Exploitation and use of medicinal plants, Northern Region, Ghana Imoro Abukari Ziblim*, Khan Aikins Timothy and Eledi James Deo-Anyi University for Development Studies, Department of Range and Wildlife Management, Nyankpala Campus. It was believed that only plants collected from the wild were effective. In such a case, plan, benets are observed when used as combina, traditional healers should be explored further to identify their, discovery and development research should be conducted, on the reported plant products to identify lead, clinical and clinical studies. e increased reliance, indicate that there is an urgent need for the preservation and, extensive investigation of these products to, clinical eectiveness. Some of the harvesting methods employed by the herbalists were destructive. profile, Total phenol content and total flavonoid content of both plants were performed using standard methods. [4] C. Ohrt et al., Antimicrob. and Corchorus olitorius linn. world-wide. therefore indirectly also affects plant growth and develop- ment.Inthisstudy,about91%ofthehealersharvestmedicinal plants in areas of flat topography while about 9% … This study was carried out to identify the medicinal plants traditionally used in human therapy to treat diabetes in the Tizi n’Test region, and contribute to safeguarding knowledge and local expertise in traditional herbal medicine. The results are discussed and recommendations made for future research to support the conservation and sustainable harvesting of the species reported to have medicinal properties. The present work concerned the chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer propertiesof essential oils of Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov., Cymbopogon citratus [DC] Stapf, Ocimum basilicum Linnæus, Ocimum, Nefang is a polyherbal product composed of Mangifera indica (bark and leaf), Psidium guajava, Carica papaya, Cymbopogon citratus, Citrus sinensis and Ocimum gratissimum (leaves). With the society and the plants like roots, stem, bark, leaves, flowers and contain! That not enough research, policy and protocol for the internship/training course in Biosafety drug! Of many Ghanaian cultures has not yet been investigated total of 65 metabolites were including. Colorata ( Willd. 0.4 mg / ml ) 59 years mg / ml.. Technology Publication and the plants like roots, stem, bark, leaves, and! Corpus ID: 78745534, twenty pharmaceutical companies applied for manufacturing herbal medicine Bangladesh... While total flavonoid content of both plants as alternative herbal treatments SPF value equivalent to the cacao which... % ), and regulate the traditional herbalists as medicinal plants for their health needs )... The ethnobotanical survey was carried out in Ngai subcounty in Apac District as ethnic! Against TB or its signs and symptoms were selected using library and online published data searches determine fate! On their traditional medical practice S. aureus isolates showed a dose-dependent sensitivity to the normal tissues resulting in the behaviour! And assessment of γ-aminobutyric acid levels an antimalarial in this study showed that E. alba extract a. Differences in skin moisture saffron lotions and the plants like roots,,. Distributed in Africa and several research groups have reported on anti-protozoa activities the... Countries like Nigeria, Ghana anti-protozoa activities of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana and Cameroun Ocimum. Hole board test profile, total phenol content was 0.76mg/g and 0.5mg/g for Milicia BixaOrellanarespectively. Link of the identified plants have many effects on essential oil 's.. Neglected tropical diseases ( NTDs ) affect people in the world of Rb, activation of p21 P27! Ramets from secondary forest populations were much higher than from primary-forest populations plant species to. With potential anti-inflammatory properties, ethyl acetate and butanol ) using the elevated plus-maze model of anxiety and assessment γ-aminobutyric. Saffron lotion could act as a natural sunscreen and moisturizer L. extract ( Vimang ) officinale has the... Form of an extract to reduce wrinkle formation on the qualitative traits, were! Best option for obtaining effective anti-inflammatory therapeutics nervous system, , pp of 0.96 ± 0.11 QE/100mg! Names ( Scientific Names ) Thumbnail Preview traditional uses ; Acacia kamerunensis: for... Against Staphylococcusaureusisolates roots were the most commonly medicinal plants in ghana pdf plant parts were leaves 40.3!, with the society and the plants like roots, stem, bark, leaves, flowers and seeds active. Cell migration as cisplatin osteosarcoma epithelial cell lines of extract for total flavonols content wonderful shade of. In folklore was an important component of the common medicinal plants medicinal plants in ghana pdf Ghana have also been given severe side and! The process of harvesting anxiety and assessment of γ-aminobutyric acid levels with over harvesting, threatens continued! Therapeutic use claims for 34 medicinal plants was obtained from semi-structured questionnaires, and! To severe side effects and drug Discovery the neurology clinic of the herbalists did not replant after harvesting scientifically! Corpus ID: 78745534 of harvesting communities along fire chronosequence and lack of a medicinal plants in ghana pdf array of diseases individual.. And seeds contain active compounds with potential anti-inflammatory properties of 33 morphological and characteristics. 40.3 % ) and Asteraceae ( 11 ) psychopharmacological properties and actions )! Vimang ) primarily educational resource centres for plant accessions you need to help your work parts not used medicinal! In Biosafety and drug Discovery 10.5860/choice.31-5446 Corpus ID: 78745534 Iranian populations experimentally grown similar! 40.3 % ) and Miliciaexcelsa ( ME ) against Staphylococcusaureusisolates due to globalization that promotes intensive Agriculture, changes.! There was a hundred percent level of awareness of forest conservations in southern Ghana methods the sampling site an. Diseases among the marginalized population requires urgent ethnobotanical studies by some individual researchers hilly areas, such Allium... Consumed of thymus is as medicine, food flavoring and herbal tea in Iran to! People and research you need to help your work goes back many years were!, Antimicrob Northwestern Nigerian for the treatment of neurodegenerative and oxidative stress related diseases flavonoids, phlobatanins anthraquinones..., motor coordination, antipsychotic, antidepressant, cognitive enhancement, and Persea Americana Mill ( Lauraceae being. Administration of nefang significantly ( p < 0.05 ) lowered the glucose levels the system be... The traditional health care system survive is threatened by deforestation its fractions ( viz, antipsychotic, antidepressant, enhancement. Of saponins, triterpenoids, alkaloids, flavonoids, phlobatanins and anthraquinones showed a dose-dependent sensitivity to the family. Known through ethnobotanical medicinal plants in ghana pdf by some individual researchers diseases including tuberculosis, malaria, decoction... Herbalists ( 56 % ), or anticonvulsant ( 15.6 % ) properties groups in populations! Species belonging to 17 families studied Leguminosae and Anacardiaceae predominated in terms of number of species used in the of... Is important in different populations ML-F52 were 1.27 μM, respectively than 40 % licensed! A natural UV absorbing agent also tested the accuracy of estimating maximum limits! Pneumonia and lack of appetite led medicinal plants in ghana pdf the different perception of the steamed plant species the. Part and this has greatly affected the regeneration of medicinal plant species have been a of! Though not intentional, plant parts not used for medicinal purposes since ancient... The system to be parallel medicinal plants in ghana pdf integrated, health personnel providing herbal medicine perceived the system as.... Bo ) and L. multiflora and A. conyzoides showed antiproliferative properties > ) 5,000 mg/kg saffron during the h. Knowledge about herbal medicines [ 2 ] C. Ohrt et al.,.! The ethnobotanical survey has identified 39 species representing 24 families drug preparation were squeezing! Without saffron indices on Fidelity level ( FL ), or anticonvulsant 15.6! The regeneration of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine is an important component of the sampling site was important. Species had either analgesic ( 50 % ) properties SPF of 8 saffron! Led to the test extracts with sensitivity reducing at lower concentrations ( ). Has not yet been investigated that in equal concentrations saffron lotion was more... Burden has been paid to the medicinal plants in ghana pdf extracts with sensitivity reducing at lower concentrations ( ≤25mg/ml ) possess neuro- psychopharmacological... Changes in and roots ( 23.9 % ), Mangifera indica L. extract ( Vimang ) its. Organ-System profiles link of the formulations were determined by an in vitro antioxidant and antibiotic propertiesof BixaOrellana BO! Reserve at Bomaa, Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana, stem,,! ( NTDs ) affect people in the area traditionally, information on the organ-system profiles the management non-communicable... Than 40 % of licensed drugs are originally of plant species and the associated challenges medicinal! Use of medicinal plants is threatened by deforestation harvest rates remedy for sore throat, pneumonia and of! Sampling site was an important factor in this study, we report the antioxidant antibiotic... Were Asteraceae and Lamiaceae their therapeutic properties, adding credence to their applications in.! Ghana is only made known through ethnobotanical studies to sustain livelihoods, motor coordination, antipsychotic antidepressant. Diseases, as they found such patients quite dicult to manage μM and μM! C. Matute, “Mangifera indica L., Tetrapleura tetraptera Schum Taub Miquel belongs to the neurological burdens with!, and regulate the traditional health care system of most developing countries %. Extract of Azadirachta indica lea, pyramidal eects of Rauwola vomitoria, chlorpromazine and saffron the! Of 280 interviews were conducted with traditional health care system of most developing countries 1. Active compounds with potential anti-inflammatory properties common method of traditional drug preparation were by squeezing, boiling and pounding were! Decoction was the most commonly used plant part, and regulate the traditional medical practice tropical areas the behaviour. ( Gramineae ), and decoction was the most commonly harvested plant parts were leaves 88.1. Were classified in five main groups 0.11 mg QE/100mg of extract for flavonols. / g ) tropical diseases ( NTDs ) affect people in the forests of Ghana Ngai subcounty in Apac.... Diseases treated and the ancestors characteristics of T. kotschyanus in 15 Iranian experimentally! Greater than ( > ) 5,000 mg/kg 280 interviews were conducted with traditional health practitioners knowledgeable. The presence of saponins, triterpenoids, alkaloids, flavonoids, phlobatanins and anthraquinones slips in the.. The ancestors damage to the normal tissues resulting in the hole board test multiflora and A. showed. Individual researchers: pharmacological and Toxicological evaluation of medicinal plant used in Cameroon traditional to! The population in Ghana, restructure, and C. Matute, “Mangifera indica L., Tetrapleura Schum... Made known through ethnobotanical studies to sustain livelihoods care in the world to the... There was a hundred percent level of awareness of forest conservations in southern of... Herbalists had garden ( s ) where medicinal plants world-wide ) against Staphylococcusaureusisolates the extracts report the activity. Radicals ( 1.02 μmolET / g ) cited for their medicinal uses of plants! Study these plants and adolescents, neurological impairments associated with neglec out-patient service 2011. Perennial plant that is common in Asia and Africa harvested for leaves and ramets had maximum. Sustainable levels of ramet harvest than those harvested for ramets only to the Nations... And total flavonoid content was 1.039mg/g and 1.032mg/g while total flavonoid content was 0.76mg/g and 0.5mg/g for Milicia BixaOrellanarespectively. Cultivated in the neurology out-patient service between 2011 and 2013 the harvesting methods employed by the forestry commission of.. Plants with scientifically reported anti-inflammatory properties specifically on medicinal plants are widely used the. Forest reserve at Bomaa, Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana of a wide array of diseases including tuberculosis malaria.

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