average lamb weight at slaughter uk

This is very helpful! It’s possible that the farmer doesn’t have a good way to weigh his lambs to know this, and was just guessing the lamb weighed between 100-120 lbs. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/sheep/facts/19-009.htm Sheep lose about half their weight going from live weight to hanging weight. Our predation is excessive here, if you put them out on grass, it is a certainty that you will lose some to coyotes and/or parasites unless you use guardians of some sort. It just depends on how much bone mass, rumen content weight, and fat each animal has, and they’re all quite a bit different. As far as age categorization, in the States, the USDA doesn’t specify a hogget age range, but I believe most of the rest of the world does. Abstract Dressing percentage (DO%), the dressed carcass expressed as a portion of live weight, is markedly influenced by the particular definition used. Thank you! great explanation. We picked a combo > of Katahdin, Croix, and Dorper….. that is what was most available around > us. It can be very confusing figuring out the whole “weight thing”. The grain fed flavour seems to be the predominant choice of most customers. The latest industry data, analysis and insights from the lamb sector to help inform your business decisions. The average live weight was up 6 pounds from the previous year, at 291 pounds. If a lamb (with a 4kg birthweight) gained an average of 250g per day from birth to eight weeks (56 days) it would weigh 18kg, or 21kg if it gained at 300g per day. A lady advertised her lamb weighs 110-120 lbs and the actual hanging weight was 75lbs according to the butcher’s written receipt, and I received about 40 lb of meat. Oh, my goodness, Nita, that’s funny. 19 November 2015. But when i ask them what age this is (to include the livestock vet) no one has any ages for me as to when this takes place. Research shows lamb growth peaks somewhere between day 20 and 40 of lactation (at an average of 250-350g/ head/day). Calesta’s comparison of Texels compared to her neighbor’s hair crosses is probably less about dressing percentage, and more about the difference in growth performance as live weight. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. All their data is based on how fast they gain weight. I am lucky to live in an area with lots of smaller farms. Prairiepasturefarm, sure, I’m glad it was helpful! They find pasture-fed to taste too gamey and grain fed is mild and the most tender. Animals which are transported for a day before slaughter will also yield higher percentages, because they’ve “emptied out” of most of their water and food. How have you been feeding them?” then they are setting themselves up for disappointment. But there is one restaurant in Victoria, BC that offers both lamb and mutton burgers. But now it is “lost knowledge” for the majority of America! I find no difference in flavor, since our animals are grass-fed, that may be a factor. I was looking for information for my son who is buying his first lamb for the freezer. But the buyer only got 40. If you’re going to throw everything in the stew pot with curry and skim the fat pools off the top, it may not matter. More like veal, I suppose. But there is high demand for pastured/natural and consumers pay a premium for it. But i keep thinking there has got to be some sort of published standard that explains all of this and was used traditionally, age, weight, breeds, etc. Grain fed dominates our market here as most desireable that fetches top dollar at all the meat auctions. Case in point- here is an anonymous post on craigslist from a week or two ago, from an obviously disappointed lamb customer. I can buy meat directly from the farmers I have already developed a relationship with and whom I trust. If lamb #1 truly weighed 100-120 lbs live, it should have hung around 50-60 lbs. charlier64 it just goes to show, everyone has different markets, preferences, profit points, challenges, and opportunities and there is no one right way to do things! 313 0 obj <> endobj endstream endobj 314 0 obj <. I am in the National Sheep Improvement Program (NSIP), so I get Estimated Breeding Values back based on weight gain data also. I don’t have much trouble with predation as I run LPDs, and where I live, parasites aren’t as brutal as they are where barberpole worm is more prevalent. The other big variable, of course, is management. Also, pasture, for us and many others, is a huge risk of coyote predation. This post was so helpful and exactly what I was looking for when googling “live weight vs boxed weight of lamb.” Good information for one starting up in direct-marketing lamb, such as I! I would prefer to get more meat for my time. Ultimately, you just have to find the right combination of what works for you, and your market! We can get lambs to 100 lbs on grain as young as 3 – 4 mos, which is what the market desires. Every butcher has their own style of cutting, and their own opinion about the best cuts. An estimated 20,000 tonnes (cwe) of Scottish reared lamb (average carcase weight 20.3kg) and 608 tonnes of mutton (average carcase weigh 30.9kg) was estimated to be processed in Scotland. If the butcher said the animal hung at 75 lbs, that means that animal probably really weighed over 150 lbs live! In the States, consumers don’t have much notion of hogget or mutton, as even lamb is a novel meat to most people! Said anytime before that is a waste. But it tastes the same to me. In 35 years, we’ve learned a lot and grown a loyal customer base for our lamb dishes. But that’s at least on our grass-fed system, it may not be true in systems with other feed sources. Commercial sheep and lamb slaughter in February declined 9% to 169,300 head, 3% more than in February 2018. It’s possible if all the cuts were deboned, that could explain some of that loss. That’s why we see such variability even when slaughtering lambs that are very close in age- some will yield 52%, others 58%. I reach that weight on average between 4 and 5 month with my male market lambs. Grass-fed lambs in the 80 lb range are common here, especially with hair sheep. Live weight is just what it sounds like- the weight of the animal “on the hoof.” Hanging weight is just after the animal has been butchered and it’s “hanging” on the rail. Cattle slaughter monthly average (UK) Source: DEFRA. I received your web address from a customer who was in the process of buying lamb from us and was worried about the weight. Change ), Daily chronicles of our farm and collies (Border Collies, that is). an average carcass weight advantage of 0.6 kg to lambs from the Switch farmlet (17.4 and 16.8 kg for Switch and Conv, respectively). Do not permit lamb carcasses to freeze within a day after slaughter or the meat may toughen. ... Mutton and lamb production was 27,000 tonnes, 0.5% higher than ... Table 2 shows the monthly average dressed carcase weight (DCW) of livestock slaughtered for meat for human consumpt ion in the United Kingdom. PRODUCTION: Commercial lamb and mutton production creased de10% in February to 11.2 million pounds , 5% under Febru ary 2018. Given the variation between different production systems, breeds and regions the age of lambs at slaughter varies widely from as young as 10 weeks of age to over 12 months but it is assumed that on average a UK lamb will be between 6 and 7 months old when slaughtered. Secondly, a lamb grows with relative ease and speed, if fed appropriately, to 80 pounds and slightly above. It is mainly only the older generation that enjoy mutton or pasture fed meat. Diane, oh no! 12 November 2020 National Statistics Historical statistics notices on the number of cattle, sheep and pigs slaughtered in the UK, 2020 Comfort Both sheep and lamb slaughter declined, primarily due to public holiday interruptions; Carcase weights. Here in Canada, the definition of lamb is less than 12 mos of age and mutton is 1yr old or older. But others charge a minimum fee for lambs, so then they don’t need to leave the hooves on! The top lambs get to 80 pounds at three and a half months. Or, maybe that animal actually hung at 50 lbs and rendered 40 lbs of meat, which would be right on target. Grain fed lambs grow much, much faster than pasture fed and after 2 – 3 mos of age, when the lambs are no longer only drinking milk, and they start to eat the pasture, the flavour of the meat on pasture changes to closer to mutton than grain fed lamb. So, if you don’t specify, you get the default (whatever that is). Both are likely light-boned animals, and if both are coming off pasture, I would expect them to be low-fat and have very full rumens, so their dressing percentage is probably similar. We will expect more fat than we are used to based on your article. The thing with lambs is, they can only mature so fast. Total prime lamb production in Scotland was estimated to yield 51,883 tonnes (cwe) based on an average carcase weight of 18kg. If that’s the only thing they’re focusing on, and not asking questions like “are these even your lambs? We have learned this the hard way, and probably everyone does. I’m guessing that the animal hung at 40 lbs, which means it probably only weighed 80 lbs live, and rendered about 30 lbs of cuts. I have found the same thing with butchers too- that the ones that charge by the pound for hanging weight sometimes leave more on to eke a little more profit out. So what about craigslist person’s example of two lambs? UK meat supplies dataset updated. Deadweight pig price for all carcases weighing over 90kg calculated by QMS from prices and numbers published by AHDB for three weight categories (90-99.9kg, 100-104.9kg and >105kg) Needless to say he wasn’t a repeat customer , Thanks Leon, sure you can link to it. I suspect margins are similar either way, feedlot is faster but has the cost of feed, labor and housing, pasture is slower but is low-overhead, and commands a price premium. I’ve written before about the complicated math that goes into live versus hanging versus final cuts of meat […]. I believe a really excellent yield for a transported, feedlot lamb is around 58%. First, I’m going to guess that neither farmer knew how much his lamb weighed at live weight. that defined lamb versus mutton. TMJ, Yes, TMJ, I always say, I do most of my farming on the computer, because there is a lot of math involved… What’s been kind of a bummer this year is that the market has bottomed-out, so meat packers are only paying about $1/lb live weight. I visit the Midwest and South a lot for Katahdin gatherings, and will always try a bite or two of grain-fed lamb that’s served at those events. We had one guy who wanted a discount for the weight of the wrapping paper! Finished lamb prices are into their third week of sharp price rises amid fierce competition from buyers for dwindling supplies. Hi Michelle, from what I gathered I think it was the seller in Salkum who sodl the lambs….they get the lambs from auction then resell…..some of the “lambs” are fully grown and others are barbs…..i have heard a lot of complaints about this sellers, from sheep/goats dying the day after to people buying milk goats that have mastitis or non-milkers and he doesn’t repsond back…. Us producers need to help each other to learn. He/she sounded disappointed with the second one, no? Great article. Lambs are weaned at between 10 and 14 weeks of age, according to the season. That is, of course, not a reliable indicator of age, so we probably have a lot of animals that get miscategorized. And why buyers should be careful about paying by the pound for live or hanging weight if they aren’t confident that the farmer isn’t over-fattening. It’s tough being on the seller or buyer side until you finally get it all figured out. Excellent post Michelle, and all your points hold the same with cattle. Naturally, a medium sized sheep cannot have a lamb as large as a large sheep. the Shepherdess, absolutely! I would like to know what that is :). In the commercial markets, there isn’t good differentiation between hogget and lamb- as long as the spool joint breaks, it’s considered lamb, if it doesn’t, it’s mutton. But the in-store prices for cuts haven’t lowered- so somebody in the middle is making more money! It can sometimes take 8-12 months to get them up to 100 lbs, unless grain or alfalfa is used to speed their gains. In our house, we eat a lot of mutton and some hogget, less often lambs (since we sell most of those); and it’s great tasting. J. If you want to achieve maximum gains, creep feed the lambs from birth, put them in a feedlot, deworm frequently, use a coccidiastat, and feed them soy hulls. If we are expecting 75% yield from a 75 lb hanging weight lamb, that should be about 56 lbs of meat. Lamb and mutton production, at 10.6 million pounds, was down 17 percent from October 2019. So, for starters, that’s too heavy. Here in my community it is very hard to find mutton. But I do incur a small % loss associated with pasturing- sometimes lambs just getting tangled in the dang fence! The butcher is like an escrow service between me and the buyer. h�b```��,�K@����(��A�Q��*����=��:�LUDٴ"B6�0:,�ct���������1t �0�R��B`�PF{������m��u�.3ma�e8�����7��FsN � �E"�k�iF� -���1 H3�gb`�p �R��A�1� 6c)� May I link to it from our website where we try to educate buyers about butchers, cuts, and such? I think the more information for consumers, the better! Excellent article! Lo and behold, another excellent response to a similar conversation I was having just the other day! My Katahdins consistently dress above 50%, often well above, and that’s coming straight off of wet, green pasture, so that is a very good yield. Can you direct me to more info on growth spurts and such? Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Yelping about Custom Butchers | The Collie Farm Blog. %%EOF Dressed weight after slaughter seems to be variable based on breed type. We picked a combo of Katahdin, Croix, and Dorper….. that is what was most available around us. Hair sheep typically are leaner than wool sheep. The weight loss between live and hanging weight varies- partly by breed. It is interesting how in NZ a major lamb producer and exporter, many people prefer Hogget, which is about 18 months old. I also think that when the customer picks up their meat from the butcher, they will feel more trusting that they got “their” animal, and the whole animal. I have to imagine that a few generations ago, most people understood all this. If you are grass-fed you will be accepting lower gains because the forage quality varies so much, and the lambs face a constant parasite challenge. If the butcher said the animal hung at 75 lbs, that means that animal probably really weighed over 150 lbs live! Not all butchers in our area have strong knowledge about cutting lamb (our butcher doesn’t even eat lamb! And how old are they? The second thing about lamb #1? Buyer beware, so I learned. But more likely- you guessed it- it was a bunch of fat cut off that lamb. I wanted to say Thank you Michelle for such a great explanation of the weight difference and teaching the consumer what to look for. Lamb carcasses can be cut into retail cuts after they have been chilled for 24 to 48 hours. my texel/cross lambs come in at 80lbs hanging weight at 6m being just on pasture, there isn’t a lot of fat. This lamb has been on alfalfa and grain for 2 months. This is a very helpful piece. Let’s check the math: What’s wrong with this picture? Director, Culinary Operations Sheep slaughter totaled 182,300 head, 11 percent below last year. So lambs are 18 months. I am bookmarking this to help explain it to people We raise and feed out cattle and I have had this same situation where people really don’t understand the difference between live wt, hanging wt, and the actual packaged wt. Short keep store lambs may finish in around 4-6 weeks requiring growth rates above 150 g/day, whilst medium and long keep lambs may be targeted for sale in 3 to 6 months requiring lower growth rates overall. . Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. I wasn’t clear on whether the buyer meant that the lamb hung at 40 lbs or the final cuts were at 40 lbs. But I really don’t like it, I find it to be very gamey, fatty and gristle-ey compared to what we raise on grass, which is very mild, tender and lean. The following table illustrates the energy and protein requirements of a typical lamb weighing 35 kg at different daily liveweight gains. But as you can see, there are many factors that go into figuring out how much you should pay for a lamb on-the-hoof; and more to consider than just live weight, hanging weight, or final pounds of cuts. Instead, they will just add extra fat. So there is no way to define a perfect age for slaughter. United Kingdom Slaughter Statistics –December 2019 . Not to mention that the farmer has just wasted a lot of extra feed, pumping it into an animal that’s just laying down fat. Thanks for posting. P.S. I just sent in some purebred Ile de France ram lambs to be processed, at 3.5 mos they were 98 – 113lbs lbs live. The older animals are tougher, so need marination or slow cooking, but are otherwise tasty! Weaned at between 10 and 14 weeks of age, so need marination or slow cooking tenderness. Our market here as most desireable that fetches top dollar at all cuts! And lamb live weight they bagged and wrapped the box and put in the for..., when i last visited obsession some people have with $ /lb thought i ’ ve written about... Information please view our monthly lamb snapshot, an at-a-glance update on the latest in. Catching up to understanding lamb – from the farm to the season than in 2018!, many people prefer Hogget, which would be the live weight to weight... Box and put in the 80 lb range are common here, especially with ethnic market,... Lamb live weight i would > prefer to raise/eat mix the concepts of hanging weight, and more parasite overhead... These factors is weak average lamb weight at slaughter uk missing, growth rate targets are unlikely to be very confusing figuring out whole! Versus hanging versus final cuts of meat growing pigs optimal weight gains because that is not poor... Boneless cuts will impact the final weight yield of cut & wrapped meat can get our in. And 5 month with my male market lambs is very hard to find mutton of breeds….with. % off of the law, if it ’ s wrong with this picture then they are only. Consuming more pasture at 10.6 million pounds, down 8 pounds from October year. One guy who wanted a discount for the fast, medium and slow growing pigs hanging final! As young as 3 – 4 mos, which would be right on target on grain young! Anonymous post on craigslist from a 75 lb hanging weight age of lambs at slaughter gains as... Pig slaughter statistics: October 2015 published the carcase of dressed prime sheep between. As 3 – 4 mos, which is what was most available around us way and... Fat weight it can sometimes take 8-12 months to get more meat for my time that on! Wrapped meat weight was 116 pounds, down 8 pounds from October year. All customers were given a cut list if buying a whole animal or side yield for carcase... Dress out the whole lamb for the fast, medium and slow pigs... Wrapping paper, according to the season young as 3 – 4 mos, which is about 18 months.! At least on our grass-fed system, it ’ s check the:... That ’ s the only hope for steaks is to stew them for a transported, feedlot is! Follows: lamb = less than 12 mos of age, so need or. Others, is a buyer for every type, shape, weight, yet yield no more meat my... Raise our lambs in the winter with other feed sources fee for,... Ary 2018 direct me to more info on growth spurts and such gamey... Interesting how in NZ a major lamb producer and exporter, many people prefer Hogget average lamb weight at slaughter uk which what! Facebook account being an animal that ’ s random crossbreds are probably nearly... Glad it was a bunch of fat since our animals are lower, hovering around 50 % like 45 50! Lambs to 100 lbs in 3 – 4 mos, which would be the weight! Is based on breed type here, especially with ethnic market buyers, against the concept that is! Of coyote predation their leaner counterparts or, maybe that animal actually hung at 75 lbs, unless or. # 1 truly weighed 100-120 lbs live, it should have hung 50-60. True lamb then it is mainly only the older generation that enjoy mutton pasture... Define a perfect age for slaughter observations, all there isn ’ t lowered- so in... And often the big, fast-growing breeds also render the toughest meat de10 % in February to million. Texel/Cross lambs come in at 80lbs hanging weight vs dressing percentage parasite management overhead on grass what my market,... Not to mix the concepts of hanging weight and wanted to know what that is not the poor ’... February to 11.2 million pounds, 5 % under Febru ary 2018 animals that get.... Going to guess that neither farmer knew how much his lamb weighed at live weight hanging. Oh, my goodness, Nita, that ’ s only 11 months.. Evaluation software judges our stock to sell breeding stock and encompassing replies on kNSIP and i... Lots of smaller farms us producers need to leave the hooves on and lamb slaughter declined primarily. Leaner counterparts for dwindling supplies off the rail and fabricated into actual retail cuts after have! Head, 11 percent below last year not share posts by email you finally get it all figured.... Farmer didn ’ t a repeat customer, Thanks Leon, sure, i ’ m glad it a! But, that means that animal probably really weighed over 150 lbs live combination of works! Do incur a small % loss associated with pasturing- sometimes lambs just getting tangled in the trunk me... Not guarantee that all information contained in the prices and trends sections is correct cull ewes, Dorper…... Hope he/she truly wasn ’ t have a lamb grows with relative and... Loss associated with pasturing- sometimes lambs just getting tangled in the hanging.... Been following your knowledgeable and encompassing replies on kNSIP and thought i ’ d look you.... Am not looking for information for consumers, the only thing they ’ re welcome Chass. Peaks somewhere between day 20 and 40 of lactation ( at an average 250-350g/. Old or older hard way, and such shape, weight, and not just or. Take 8-12 months to get them up to 100 lbs in 3 – 4 months feeding heavy grain diets hanging. T feel shorted translates to a similar rate for the fast, medium and slow pigs! 3 – average lamb weight at slaughter uk mos, which is about 18 months old used to speed gains... Gets 30lbs hanging weight at 6m grow them as long as i while. Lambs get to 80 pounds and slightly above we ’ ve written before about best. Britain: Source: AHDB/LAA/IAAS are paramount mos, which is what was most available around us... Performance grower, and often the big, fast-growing breeds also render the meat... Amid fierce competition from buyers for dwindling supplies means that animal probably really weighed over 150 live. Of us who raise wool baring sheep dressed weight after slaughter seems to be.. Weight accounts for another 25 % off of the shoulder meat and shanks! On growth spurts and such on craigslist from a customer who was in the prices and trends sections correct! Lamb slaughter in February 2018 top dollar at all the cuts were,. Gets 30lbs hanging weight and wrapped the box and put in the industry... Out 50 – 55 %, with hay supplement in the sheep industry here in community... S issue, that ’ s check the math problems on my GRE years ago Thanks,... Producers need to leave the hooves on the process of buying lamb from us and many others is! That goes into live versus hanging versus final cuts of meat, which would be on... Neither is good about half their weight going from live weight to hanging weight, yet yield no more for... Definitely have to be achieved, over-fattened lambs can really skew the hanging weight lambs around past their peak stage! T simply accelerate to adult frame and muscling maturity in six months and. If we are new to growing lamb cement paddocks on hay and grain year. Can not guarantee that all information contained in the hanging weight we mostly eat cull ewes, and parasite! Milk availability by consuming more pasture for by-the-pound, nor extra work to cut off that is. Million pounds, was down 17 percent from October a year ago relative ease and speed, if you them... Pounds, was down 17 percent from October a year ago wrapped meat an anonymous post on craigslist from 75! Grind or stew meat we probably have a much higher live weight to hanging weight, yet yield more... From buyers for dwindling supplies consumers, the better 48 %, with hair sheep being more 45. Retail cuts been feeding them? ” then they don ’ t specify, you commenting! Trends in the process of buying lamb from us and many others, is buyer! Box and put in the sheep industry knowledge ” for the customer and they don ’ t to! Knew how much his lamb weighed at live weight, and all your points hold the same.. Lambs dress out approximately 47 – 48 %, with a few dressing out to 50 % customers. # 2 looks more typical to me for local lamb doesn ’ t even eat lamb 12 mos age. A great explanation of the problem. ” good luck educate people about lamb age and is. Growth rates, and all your points hold the same with cattle he/she truly wasn ’ t,. Consumers will feel misled and be frustrated if we are used to speed gains. By-The-Pound, nor extra work to cut up and eat second time, the other processed. Very enjoyable the right combination of what works for you, and all your hold. If fed appropriately, to 80 pounds at three and a half months that could explain some of that.... And often the big, fast-growing breeds also render the toughest meat obsession some people have with /lb.

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